Chapter 8 – Couples and Family.docx

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Chapter 8Couples and FamilyChronological Age the number of years a person has livedMedian retirement age is dropping due to a number of reasons 1 Government lowered the minimum age at which one could draw benefits from the Canadian Pension Plan from 65 to 60 2 Improved private pension plans and the growing popularity of Registered Retirement Saving Plans RRSPs which make it financially possible for people to retire younger 3 Economic cutbacks and layoffs may force older workers out of the workforce y Many people leave employment between the ages of 55 and 64 Physical Agey Affect how we perceive ourselves and how others treat us as a result they also affect our selfesteem y Men in professional positions are considered to have greater knowledge based on experience grey hair is thus a mark of distinctionPhysical Aging changes that occur in the body as a result of the length of time a person has lived y Men who do manual labor see this as a sign of failing abilityPsychological Aging the attitudes and beliefs one has about ones age y Some characteristics are cohort effects that is they are most likely the results of being influences by the values prevalent during their early livesSocial Age cultural norms that specify appropriate behaviour for people of a given age y Based on cultural norms y Boundaries between periods of life are becoming blurred y With these changes our expectations of appropriate behaviour is also shifting The Aging of Canaday The population of Canada is aging y People are living longer Sociologists are beginning to describe individuals as y Young old 6574 years y Middle old 7584 years y Old old 85 years and over Since the birth rate is down there are fewer young Canadians to offset the increase among the elderlyDevelopmental Tasks of Old Age
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