Chapter 13 – Couples and Family.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Chapter 13Couples and Family What is a problem a social problem exists when a significant number of people believe that a certain condition is in fact a problem y Public decides when a problem is a problemIndigenous AboriginalVested Interests group of people who have a stake in keeping society as it is y Greatest influence in defining problems y Usually the most wealthiest and benefit from the current system they may be concerned with the cost of problems to societyGatekeepers individuals recognized as having special expertise in identifying problems Example doctors police judges juries social workersy Not everyone in society defines problems in the same waytwo groups may see a particular situation as containing a problem but they may differ dramatically as to just what the problem is y When the special interests of two groups are the similar they may work together to force change Dealing with a New ProblemReuben Hill proposed what he called the ABCX model of responseAthe stressor or the event Bimpact of the stressor is affected by the familys resources Chow the family view the event Xthese three factors A B and C interact to produce theCrisis an imbalance in demands placed on an individualor family and their ability to meet the deand y Once familiar problemsolving methods fail the family boundaries are loosened enough to allow for new information rules and roles become confused and tension between family members increasesFunctional increased a ability of the family to solve problems Example stay at home spouse may find a job in order to increase family incomeDysfunctional decreased ability of family to solve problems Example blaming the husband for all of the familys difficultiesy Family crisis usually evolve over time and pressures from various sources accumulates y This fact led to an expansion of the ABCX model into the Double ABCX Model
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