Chapter 13 – Couples and Family.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Chapter 13 – Couples and Family What is a problem? “a social problem exists when a significant number of people believe that a certain condition is in fact a problem”  Public decides when a problem is a problem Indigenous: Aboriginal Vested Interests: group of people who have a stake in keeping society as it is  Greatest influence in defining problems  Usually the most wealthiest and benefit from the current system, they may be concerned with the cost of problems to society Gatekeepers: individuals recognized as having special expertise in identifying problems Example: doctors, police, judges, juries, social workers  Not everyone in society defines problems in the same way – two groups may see a particular situation as containing a problem, but they may differ dramatically as to just what the problem is  When the special interests of two groups are the similar, they may work together to force change Dealing with a New Problem Reuben Hill proposed what he called the ABCX model of response. ‘A’ – the stressor or the event ‘B’ – impact of the stressor is affected by the family’s resources ‘C’ – how the family view the event ‘X’ – these three factors (A, B, and C) interact to produce the … Crisis: an imbalance in demands placed on an individual or family and their ability to meet the deand  Once familiar problem-solving methods fail, the family boundaries are loosened enough to allow for new information; rules and roles become confused; and tension between family members increases Functional: increased a ability of the family to solve problems Example: stay at home spouse may find a job in order to increase family income Dysfunctional: decreased ability of family to solve problems Example: blaming the husband for all of the family’s difficulties  Family crisis usually evolve over time, and pressures from various sources accumulates  This fact led to an expansion of the ABCX model into the “Double ABCX Model”Five general types of stressors can pile up: 1. Initial stressor and its hardship 2. Family experiences normative stresses, or the expected changes that most families go through 3. Families may also experience strains that began before the particular stressor 4. Efforts of the family to cope 5. There may be Ambiguity: lack of clarity All of these stressors work together to cause pileup – the ‘aA’ factor. The resources that help the family adapt to the situation make up the ‘bB’ factor.  Encompasses the resources of the family system, such as flexible role relationships and the ability to share power The meaning a family finds in an event affects how members cope with it. 1. May see it as nothing to do with them, as favourable, or as threatening 2. Evaluate what might be done and how likely a strategy is to work 3. Their perception of the event may change as a result of new information Snag Points: areas of difficulty that interfere with constructive efforts to cope with problems Some snag points are also related to the ‘cC’ factor, which is the family’s appraisal of the situation and the meaning they find in it. All these factors combine to create the ‘xX’ factor, the family’s adaptation to the problem. Resilience: the ability to do well in the face of adversity Chronic Illness: prolonged illness  May happen suddenly or over a period of time Initial Shock:  Sudden awareness of the problem may come about as the result of an accident, prenatal diagnosis, or the birth of a child with obvious problem  The ‘A’ factor includes the acute illness, the diagnosis, the frst attempts at medical treatment, and the energy rush needed to meet the immediate demands of the family  During initial phase the needs of other family members are often ignored  Family
More Less

Related notes for FRHD 1020

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.