Chapter 10 – Couple and Family.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 1020
Sarah Murray

Chapter 10 – Couple and Family Divorce: the legal dissolution of a marriage A Short History  For much of history, marriage was considered a way of uniting families, and of providing stability for society  Seen as an exception to be undertaken for only grave reasons  Before confederation, laws were strongly influenced by the Church of England in Upper Canada and the Roman Catholic Church in Lower Canada  With confederation, the federal parliament gained exclusive authority in matters of divorce, but simply allowed existing provincial laws to stand or change  Anyone living in a province without a divorce court could submit a private member’s bill to Parliament, when it passed, the person was granted a divorce  Deserting the family (often called “the poor man’s divorce”) was easier than going through a legal divorce  Immediately after WWII, the divorce rate jumped  During the war, women joined the workforce so they were able to support themselves, encouraging some divorces  Bill C-187 introduced the no-fault principle of marriage breakdown as a legitimate ground for divorce and transferred jurisdiction for all divorces to the courts  Amendments to the law led to another jump in the divorce because it reduce the waiting period for divorce Why People Divorce Two ways of looking at why people divorce: 1. The stated reasons for divorce 2. Causes underlying these reasons Canadian’s attitudes towards divorce, researchers have identified 3 kinds of reasons: 1. Fundamental reasons, such as infidelity and abuse 2. Experimental issues, such as disagreements and unsatisfactory sex life 3. Fertility Issues, such as infertility and having children First marriages:  Strong association between education and income, and lower socio-economic status is related to higher divorce rates  For first marriages, age is important, those who marry before 20 are much more likely to separate than those in their later 20s and 30s Second or later marriages are subject to different risk factors:  If children are brought into the new marriage, increased disruption is more likely  Those entering third or more marriages are less likely to claim that being married is important to their happiness The structural-functional view looks at how an institution like the family is affected by wider social changes.  Culturally, the concept of marriage has changed, it is now commonly regarded as a matter for individual choice and satisfaction rather than a social responsibility and a covenant before God  When marriage does not meet expectations for personal fulfillment, individuals have become readier to separate Exchange perspective considers the costs and benefits of divorce.  Costs can be both economic and social  The presence of children reduces the likelihood of divorce because it increases the costs to parents According to feminists, a traditional marriage supports the unequal division of power between husbands and wives.  Women no longer need to depend on men to support them and can leave oppressive relationships Symbolic-interaction theorists focus on the patterns of interchange between husband and wife.  Expectations affect their behaviour The Road To Divorce The decision: First step: one or both individuals come to realize that something is wrong with their marriage, a period of denial often precedes this “Divorce cascade” 1. Increasing conflict 2. Serious consideration of divorce 3. Separation 4. Divorce  Further along in this cascade, the hard it is to avoid divorce  People may delay separation until a time they consider suitable Co-Parents: a divorced person who shares the responsibility for his or her childPlanning the Break-Up: Second Stage  Couple must plan the breakup of the family system Custody: the legal right and responsibility to care for a child in one’s own home  Often does not run smoothly Separation and Family Organization:  Parents need to workout new rules for continuing relationship between the child and each of them Joint Custody: the legal right and responsibility of both parents to make decisions and care for their child  Only when the parent without custody fades out of the picture do we have a true one-parent family Binuclear Family: an arrangement where both father and mother act as parents to their child(ren) following divorce, while they maintain separate homes The Crises of Divorce Three crises: 1. Emotional crisis 2. Economic crisis 3. Parenting crisis Transitional State: a state of temporary imbalance resulting from changes in relationships, routines, assumption, and roles Disequilibrium: a lack of balance in the family system Emotional Crisis  Individuals suffer the loss of an important relationship  Likely to experience depression, bitterness, or anger  When children are invo
More Less

Related notes for FRHD 1020

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.