Chapter 12- Sexuality Across the Lifespan.docx

4 Pages

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2100
Cindy Clarke

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Chapter 12­Sexuality Across the Lifespan & Sexual Health Education Adult Sexuality  •  Developmental Tasks –  Adults tend to seek more long­term, complete relationships –  Marriage has traditionally been, and is currently, the primary relationship for adults –  Passion •  Romantic relationships usually begin with some element of physical and emotional  attraction •  once novelty subsides, partners learn if they are compatible in other dimensions –  Friendship •  One of the most important dimensions of a strong, mutually satisfying relationship •  A couple’s sexual satisfaction associated with their shared intimacy –  Communication •  More direct communication may be an important contributor to a mutually satisfying relationship •  Communication about likes and dislikes associated with sexual satisfaction –  Sexual Health •  Protecting sexual health no less important in adulthood •  Condom use decreases with age, even though risks remain high •  Being Single –  Singlehood is now the most common lifestyle among people  in their 20’s (used to be  marriage) •  Postponing marriage to pursue educational and career goals •  Deciding to live together •  Some single by choice, some not –  More eligible women than men, especially in urban centres (i.e., Toronto) –  Many young adults, especially men, live with parents –  Many single people are lonely –  Many achieve intimacy through friendships – Online dating and social networking sites provide new  avenues for connecting with  others •  Cohabitation –  The state whereby two people live together as a couple but are not legally married –  84% of Canadians approve of cohabitation –  Many believe cohabitation will help them work  out the kinks before marriage –  However, Canadian couples who live together before marriage are twice as likely  to get divorced •  Cohabitators tend to be more committed to personal independence, less traditional  and less religious •  Tend to be less committed to the values and interests traditionally associated with  the institution of marriage •  Marriage –  Found in all human societies –  Most common lifestyle in Canada; ¾ of Canadians in their 30s will marry at some  point –  Most see marriage as something they hope will be permanent •  Same­Sex Marriage –  In July, 2002, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice ordered governments to redefine  the term “marriage”  to include same­sex couples –  In 2005, Canadian Parliament passed legislation allowing same­sex couples to  marry –  In 2006, the number of same­sex commonly law partnerships increased by 11% over  5 years –  Benefits of marriage for same­sex couples: •  Greater acceptance by family and friends •  Equality with heterosexuals in legal matters •  Greater relationship satisfaction •  Decreased feelings of internalized homophobia •  Greater openness to having children •  Why do People Marry? –  Marriage: •  Meets personal and cultural needs •  Legitimizes sexual relationships •  Permits maintenance of a home life •  Provides an institution in which children can be supported and socialized •  Helps to assure paternity •  Leads to orderly transmission of wealth from one generation to the next –  Love is the most common reason for marriage •  Who We Marry –  Not relatives –  People who attract us –  People who seem to meet our material, sexual, and psychological needs –  People who are similar to us in social background and  standing (homogamy) •  Ethnic background, educational level, religion, age –  Men tend to be romantics and women tend to be pragmatic in making mate choices •  Marital Sexuality –  Varies across cultures but there are common threads •  Privacy for sexual relations is valued •  Most cultures pla
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