chapter 8

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 2100
Cynthia Clark

Chapter Eight – Sexual Techniques and Behavioural Patterns Learning Objectives 1.Understand the role that sexual fantasies play (heightening sexual response) in sexuality and sexual behaviours 2.Come to appreciate the commonality of many sexual practices including masturbation, anal sex, and oral-genital sex, and the variety of techniques people use who engage in them 3.Describe what is meant by “foreplay” and how this varies across cultures 4.Learn about standard erogenous zones and their roles in sexual pleasure 5.Compare and contrast sexual behaviours and sexual pleasure between women and men 6.Learn about the most commonly practiced sexual positions: the male-superior position, the female-superior position, the lateral-entry position, and the rear-entry position Solitary Sexual Behaviour Sexual Fantasy: Mental imagery that's sexually arousing or erotic • occur because an individual wants them to or they can happen spontaneously, without conscious effort • Can be experienced as positive, negative, or both • students revealed that students experienced positive feelings more often than negative ones as a result of sexual fantasies • About half of the men (46%) but only 11% of the women reported that they thought about sex several times a day Sexual Fantasy Consent • Renaud and Byers (1999) found that the content of male and female heterosexual undergraduate students sexual fantasies is similar ◦ Men were more likely to enjoy fantasies reflecting themes of anonymous or impersonal sex (e.g. Participating in orgies, having sex with strangers), whereas women enjoyed fantasies that could be described as romantic (e.g. Kissing passionately, being undressed) • More than 90% in their study reported fantasies about having intercourse with loved partners, kissing passionately, having sex in places other than the bedroom, having sex outdoors in romantic settings and giving and receiving oral sex • Davidson and Hoffman (1986) found that married women commonly fantasize about other men ◦ It appears that when women become invovled in long-term relationships, the objects of their fantasies switch to other men Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Fantasy • Women are more likely than men to fantasize about familiar lovers, becasue female reproductive success in ancestral times was more likely to depend on emotionally close, protective relationships with reliable partners • According to evolutionary thoery, men are more likely to have fantasies about casual sex with different partners • Other researchers noted that the tendency for women's sexual fantasies to be more romantic than men's and greater tendency for men's fantasies to involve new sexual partners, is a rfeleciton of society's traditional sexual scripts - the double standard for male and female sexual behaviour • Women in most cultures are raised to be more romantic- oriented and more sexually passive than men, while males are sexually passive than men, while males are raised to be sexually assdertive and to desire a high number of sexual partners Sexual Dreams • King found that sexual dreams are common among university students, and that most have sexual dreams at least once a week • Most students rated sexual dreams pleasurable • Most common activities in their dreams were kissing and sexual intercourse • Females were more likely to dream about their current partners, whereas the males were more likely to dream about other people Masturbation in History • Within the Judeo-Christian tradition, sexual selfstimulation, commonly known as masturbation, has been strongly condemned as singful ◦ Attitudes toward masturbation reflected the censure that was applied to non-procreative sexual acts th • St.Augustine's view were carried into medicine in the 18 century, and medical profession translated sin into disease • Kellogg believd sexual desires could be controlled by sticking to a diet of simple foods, especially grains, including Corn Flakes he and his brother invented ◦ He suggested that parents bandage or cage their children's genitals or tie their hands would prevent children from masturbation • People who consider masturbation wrong, harmful or sinful may experience anxiety or guilt if they masturbate or wish to masturbate Masturbation Today • 83.3% of the men and 20.8% of the women had looked at sexually explicit online videos or photos during the previous month • Women who were more religious were less likely to masturbate than women who were less religious • Education would appear to be a liberating influence on masturbation Male Masturbation Techniques • Men tend to grip t
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