Chapter Six: Attraction and Love
Consider the following questions when you are reading this chapter. This
chapter presents various research on the issue of attraction. It is important for
you to be aware of where the research was done, the control group, the focus of
the research and its outcome. Specifically look at the studies conduct in eastern
Canada and the University of Guelph.
Physical Appearance: How important is looking good? How do you decide who
• Major determinant in sexual attraction
• Key factor when considering romantic partners
• People become more attractive when we share values, ideologies,
What does the research tell you about the role of physical attractiveness in
attraction? What characteristics do men and women look for in a potential partner
for a short term relationship – for a long term relationship?
• Long term: women look for vocational status, earning potential,
expressiveness, kindness, consideration, dependability, fondness for
• Long term: men look for youth, physical attractiveness, cooking ability,
• Short term: women prefer highly masculine male faces and bodies
• Short term: men
Do you agree with the sociobiological view of why men and women desire
different characteristics in their partners?
The Matching Hypothesis: Who is right for you? What is the matching
• That we have long term relationships with people who are of the same
level of attractiveness as us
Do opposites attract? How do individual attitudes impact individual attraction?
• No, less likely to be attracted to people who disagree with our views and
tastes than people who do
Love What are the three contemporary models of love and the associated
explanations of the origins of love? Be aware of the following models and their
• Biological mechanisms: focus on the biology of people in love, look at
naturally occurring chemicals and hormones, for example higher levels of
nerve growth factor make us remember everything about our new lovers
• Love as appraisal of arousal: romantic love is a state of intense
physiolgical arousal and cognitive appraisal of that arousal as love,