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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 2260
Susan Chuang

Chapter 1 Caregiving and Educating - examining your beliefs and values: consider your parents and families, societal expectations, personal knowledge and beliefs and your caregiver role - the code of ethics was developed by the national association for the education of young children; this organization was founded in 1926 and conists of nearly 100,000 members; it is the worlds largest otganization working on behalf of young children - reflection is a learning method that engages an individual in a process of self observation and self examination - reflective teaching: event is observed and connections to experience/values/beliefs/assumptions are made to make an evaluation based on theory/research/pegagogy; a decision is made about the learners needs/environment/interactions with family/adaptations - child-centeredness means taking a hands-off approach indicating that young children play independently and employ self-direction will the adults aren’t involved - sensory play involves touching, smelling, tasting, hearing or seeing individually or simultaneously - the concept of developmental domains is an artificial notion created as a way to provide more detailed info about particular aspects of development; they include areas like the physical, intellectual, emotional and social - holistic development focuses on who the child is rather than what the child can do in each developmental area; this focuses on history, relationships, experiences, culture, status, health, gender, etc - it is essential to still refer to developmental norms during the process of identifying the need for early intervention, as well as for making decisions regarding appropriate environments, curricula, and materials - research of what makes developmentally appropriate practice is influential in shaping how programs should be individually child-centered and suitable for the childs stage of development - children learn much from direct instruction, or guided instruction which is a method of teaching where the adult takes responsibility for structuring learning experiences (scaffolding) - creating a well thought out philosophy statement that helps people to develop common understandings and to work together successfully is important - educare refers to that fact that there is no difference between care and education for young children since you accomplish both simultaneously - respect for infants, toddlers and families: be accommodating and welcoming, use full disclosure with the families and children, include families, be tolerant and supportive of different lifestyles and cultures, etc - responsive caregiving is an approach to meeting the childs needs that is mindful of how young children grow and develop and how the adult can support this process; responsivity involves respect rather than power, nurturance rather than meeting simply physical needs, and reading the infants cues rater than providing a set routine of care - guiding p
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