Article 6.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3090
Michelle Preyde

Article 6 Summary Mental Health and Poverty – Skuse, D. - Link between poverty and mental health bi-directional in the Western world: those in poverty more likely to suffer from poor mental health, and those with mental health problems are more likely to be in poverty - F. Hickling: o Caribbean Diaspora: the legacy that colonial rule in the Caribbean has resulted in a political and economic system that essentially ignores the potential contribution of citizens, fostering a sense of helplessness and hopelessness which can have consequences of violent crime and mental disorder o Those who flee to Europe or the US in hope for a brighter future are at an even greater risk of developing mental illness o Poverty has become too costly for any society to maintain - F. Kigozi & J. Ssebunnya o In East Africa, there are fewer than a dozen psychiatrists within 130 million km², where there is rapid pop’n growth and subsequently poverty o Refugees with mental health from traumatic experience, almost half of adult pop’n o Question how to make resources available so that countries can begin to cope - S. Berenzon et al o In Mexico, extreme inequity in income distribution large factor for mental health disorders o Rapid development leaves 1/6 in extreme poverty in large urban areas o SES seems to be reason for ill mental health, the feeling (not necessarily reality) of inability to access professional help7 o Large discrepancy b/w perceived needs of the suffering population and the assessments and treatments by academic professionals The high cost of poverty: mental health perspectives from the Caribbean Diaspora – Hickling, F. - Caribbean Diaspora a result of 500 years of European colonial hierarchical exploitation of the Caribbean geopolitical region. Emphasis on high productivity resulted in disorganized living situations and extended to present anarchy - The differentiation between the ‘haves’ and the ‘have-nots’ o Poor education, unemployment, underdevelopment o Co-existing poverty and violence with wealth and luxury - A product of the have-not’s hopes to be free from poverty by immigrating to first-world countries - health, mental health, and penal correction systems have increased to the point of losing organizational and economic control o physical, psychological and economic cost of attempting to control and organize are unaffordable - suggestions by research that most persistent world poverty today is due to underdevelopment and the dynamics it produces o ex. It is thought that without the slave trade, which took slaves from Africa in its most underdeveloped areas to help industrializing nations thrive, 72% of Africa’s income gap with the rest of the world would be nonexistent - worldwide resolution of underdevelopment necessary for crisis of global capitalism - African-Caribbean migrants to first-world countries have higher risk of schizophrenia, especially those of low SES o Not seen in those migrating to Caribbean from higher-income countries; thought to be because of the upward social mobility of those migrating from high-income to low-income countries, which is rarely the case for those who migrate from low-income to high-income countries. - b/c of poverty, poor education and social deprivation, Jamaican society loses some of its brightest men to crime, and thus significant resources are spent on correctional facilities, and also deprived of the intellects of these men - political/economic system fosters severe mental illness in the poorest native-born socio-economic class, and that of first-world nations creates psychological factors predispose the d
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