Extinction (operant): an individual emits a previously reinforced behavior and that
behavior is not followed by a reinforcer, then they are less likely to do the same thing again
when next encountering a similar situation.
other causes of decreasing behavior (punisher, response-cost punishment, forgetting)
FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EXTINCTION
1. Controlling Reinforcers for the Behavior That Is to Be Decreased
Reinforcers presented by other people or by the physical environment can undo your
good efforts at applying extinction.
2. Extinction of a Behavior with Positive Reinforcement for a Another Behavior
Extinction is most effective when combined with positive reinforcement
begin with short intervals of desirable behavior and increase them to longer
It is important that the increase in the requirement of the desirable behavior be
very gradual; otherwise, the undesirable behavior is likely to reoccur.
ensure that the reinforcers that you are withholding are the ones that were actually
maintaining the undesirable behavior.
3. The Setting in Which Extinction Is Carried Out
one reason for changing the setting is to minimize the possibility that other people
will reinforce the behavior you are trying