Chapter 8.docx

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Professor
Michelle Preyde
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 8 LEARNING TO RESPOND AT THE RIGHT TIME AND PLACE Any situation in which behavior occurs can be analyzed in terms of three sets of events: (a) Antecedent stimuli: the stimuli that exist just prior to the occurrence of the behavior, (b)the behavior itself (c) the consequences of the behavior ABC (antecedents, behavior, and consequences) assessment: Identifying the antecedents and consequences of a behavior Stimulus control: to refer to the degree of correlation between the occurrence of a particular stimulus and the occurrence of a subsequent response. Good or effective stimulus control: a strong correlation between the occurrence of a particular stimulus and a particular response -when the stimulus occurs, the response is likely to follow. TYPES OF CONTROLLING STIMULI: SDs AND SAs Discriminative stimulus: 1. Stimulus for reinforcement: SD is a stimulus in the presence of which a response will be reinforced. 2. Stimulus for extinction: SA is a stimulus in the presence of which a response will not be reinforced. A stimulus can simultaneously be an SD for one response and an SA for another; STIMULUS DISCRIMINATION Stimulus discrimination training: the procedure of reinforcing a response in the presence of an SD and extinguishing that response in the presence of an SA. effects of discrimination training can be described as good stimulus control-OR- a stimulus discrimination STIMULUS GENERALIZATION Stimulus generalization: the procedure of reinforcing a response in the presence of a stimulus or situation and the effect of the response becoming more probable in the presence of another stimulus or situation. Unlearned Stimulus Generalization Due to Considerable Physical Similarity the more physically similar two stimuli are, the more stimulus generalization will occur between them. Learned Stimulus Generalization Involving Minimal Physical Similarity Common-element stimulus class: is a set of stimuli, all of which have one or more physical characteristics in common. Conceptual behaviour: When an individual emits an appropriate response to all members of a common-element stimulus class and does not emit that response to stimuli that do not belon
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