Chapter 10.docx

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Professor
Michelle Preyde
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 10 SHAPING Shaping: the development of a new behavior by the reinforcement of successive approximations of that behavior and the extinction of earlier approximations of that behavior until the new behavior occurs. aka method of successive approximations. haping is so common in everyday life that people are seldom even aware of it. The five aspects or dimensions of behavior that can be shaped are: 1. Topography: is the spatial configuration or form of a particular response 2. Frequency: the number of instances that occur in a given period of time. The frequency of a response may also be reduced by shaping 3. Duration: of a response is the length of time that it lasts. 4. Latency: is the time between the occurrence of a stimulus and the response evoked by that stimulus. 5. Intensity: or force of a response refers to the physical effect the response has or potentially has on the environment. Fading involves the gradual change of a stimulus while the response stays about the same; shaping involves the gradual change of a response while the stimulus stays about the same.. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SHAPING 1. Specifying the Final Desired Behavior 2. Choosing a Starting Behavior 3. Choosing the Shaping Steps Before initiating the shaping progr
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