Shaping: the development of a new behavior by the reinforcement of successive
approximations of that behavior and the extinction of earlier approximations of that
behavior until the new behavior occurs.
aka method of successive approximations.
haping is so common in everyday life that people are seldom even aware of it.
The five aspects or dimensions of behavior that can be shaped are:
1. Topography: is the spatial configuration or form of a particular response
2. Frequency: the number of instances that occur in a given period of time.
The frequency of a response may also be reduced by shaping
3. Duration: of a response is the length of time that it lasts.
4. Latency: is the time between the occurrence of a stimulus and the response evoked
by that stimulus.
5. Intensity: or force of a response refers to the physical effect the response has or
potentially has on the environment.
Fading involves the gradual change of a stimulus while the response stays about the same;
shaping involves the gradual change of a response while the stimulus stays about the same..
FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SHAPING
1. Specifying the Final Desired Behavior
2. Choosing a Starting Behavior
3. Choosing the Shaping Steps
Before initiating the shaping progr