Chapter 30.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Chapter 30 Systematic applications of learning principles and techniques are based on two assumptions: (a) behavior can be controlled (b) it is desirable to do so to achieve certain objectives. A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF ETHICS Ethics: certain standards of behavior that a culture developed to promote the survival of that culture (from a behavioral point of view) strengthens culture through reinforcement as well as punishment. Ethical guidelines are important sources of behavioral control when immediate reinforcers influence an individual to behave in a way that leads to aversive stimuli for others. ETHICAL GUIDELINES Counter-control. This is "the reciprocal of control; it is the influence the controllee has on the controller by virtue of access to suitable reinforcers" One way to ensure this is to make sure that no program is to be carried out on a client who has not given informed consent to participate in that program Three highly reputable organizations that have addressed the ethical issues involved in the application of behavior modification are 1. The Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy (AABT), now called the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT), 2. The American Psychological Association (APA) 3. The Association for Behavior Analysis (ABA), now called the Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI). ETHICAL APPLICATION OF BEHAVIOR MODIFICATION 1. Qualifications of the Behavior Modifier must receive appropriate academic training. also receive appropriate supervised practical training to ensure competence in behavioral assessment, designing and implementing treatment programs, evaluating their results, and ensuring a thorough understanding of professional ethics. Regardless of the level of training, one should always ensure that the procedures being used are consistent with the most up-to-date literature
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