Chapter 13: Establishing behaviour by escape and avoidance conditioning
Escape conditioning (also called negative reinforcement) states that the removal of
aversive stimuli immediately after the occurrence of a behavior will increase the likelihood
of that behavior.
reinforcement = strengthen responses.
negative indicates that the strengthening effect occurs because the response leads to the
removal of an aversive stimulus.
Escape conditioning is similar to punishment (both involve aversive stimulus) but they
differ procedurally in terms of both the antecedents and the consequences of behavior.
antecedents, the aversive stimulus used in escape conditioning must be present prior to
an escape response, whereas the aversive stimulus is not present prior to a response
that is punished.
consequences, escape conditioning removes the aversive stimulus immediately
following a response whereas punishment presents the aversive stimulus immediately
following a response.
Avoidance conditioning: is a contingency in which a behavior prevents an av