Chapter 13.docx

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University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Chapter 13: Establishing behaviour by escape and avoidance conditioning ESCAPE CONDITIONING  Escape conditioning (also called negative reinforcement) states that the removal of aversive stimuli immediately after the occurrence of a behavior will increase the likelihood of that behavior.  reinforcement = strengthen responses.  negative indicates that the strengthening effect occurs because the response leads to the removal of an aversive stimulus.  Escape conditioning is similar to punishment (both involve aversive stimulus) but they differ procedurally in terms of both the antecedents and the consequences of behavior. antecedents, the aversive stimulus used in escape conditioning must be present prior to an escape response, whereas the aversive stimulus is not present prior to a response that is punished. consequences, escape conditioning removes the aversive stimulus immediately following a response whereas punishment presents the aversive stimulus immediately following a response. AVOIDANCE CONDITIONING  Avoidance conditioning: is a contingency in which a behavior prevents an av
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