Unit 02 Summary.docx

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3190
Leslie Yaffa

Unit 2Chapter 1 Defining Quality Early Childhood Programs The Early Years are Crucial to Healthy Child DevelopmentA childs experience during the early years have the greatest influence of any time in the life cycle on brain development learning behaviourhealthPositive stimulating learning experiences contribute to selfconfidencea positive attitude toward learning exploringproblem solvingChildren who participate in high quality early learning programs are more likely to succeed in schoolearn higher wagesThe socialeconomic benefits of quality early childhood settings reach into every segment of Canadian societychildren receive the best nurturingearly childhood experience possible while parents are able to workattend schoolA childs ability to think form relationshipslive up to their potential is directly related to the synergistic effect of good health good nutritionappropriate stimulationinteraction with othersHuman development research confirms how important the first 5 years of life can beChildren who are well nurtured have brains that are physically different from those of children who experienced less favourable conditions in their early yearsEarly childhood programs are a powerful tool for breaking the intergenerational cycle of povertyEnsuring healthy child development is an investment in a countrys future workforcecapacity to thrive economicallyas a societyAccess to Universal EC is Founded on Multiple RationalesEvery childs right to care developmenteducationEnsuring that every child has equal opportunities as a prerequisite for social justiceRecognizing that EC is a critical period for learningdevelopmentRecognizing that investing in EC brings economic benefits to societyEconomic CasePublic Investments in Young ChildrenThe consequences for underinvestment in young children are well known malnutrition impaired motor language cognitive socialemotional development deathdiseaseIn Canada these early risks have long term consequences school failurelower achievement poor physical mental health lower workforce productivity crimedelinquency Robert Fairholm summarizes that investing in young children isA job creatorA strong economic stimulusBeneficial to the societyStrong Evident for Early Childhood Program EffectivenessInvestments in early childhood development programs pay for themselves by generating high rates of returns for participants the publicthe governmentHeckmanCarneiros work shows that the benefits of increased investments in young people lead to improving both cognitivenoncognitive skillsHeckmanCarneiros work notes that the sustained investments in disadvantaged children have dramatic results to improve the childrens school performancesocial skillsWhat Should Comprise an Early Childhood SystemPeter Moss advocates that every country should have a comprehensive early years policy that provides flexible coherenthigh quality services with equality of access for all children whethernot their parents are employedKeatingHertzman adds that an early childhood strategy should be comprehensive universally availableaccessible integrated communitydriven accountableof high quality incorporating early learning child careparenting supportMcCain MustardShanker believe that effective EC programs can deliver additional outcomes such as enhanced maternal employment gender equity less family poverty better parenting skillsgreater familycommunity cohesionAll families should have the opportunity to participate in EC programs in their community that demonstrate these principlesThese programs should be sustainable adequately resourcedpublicly supportedNeed for a New VisionIn many provinces service fragmentationchaos exist Bennett writes that early childhood educationcare systems are governed in 1 of 2 ways integrated either through 1 ministrythrough split management in 2more ministriesIn Canada an drive to tackling this chaos came from the work of the Organization for Economic CooperationDevelopment OECD which identified a number of key elements for successful EC policyOne of the elements was governancethe second concerned in integration of careeducationResearch suggest that universal public school EC programs are effective in improving child outcomesToward StrongEqual PartnershipsOften an emphasis on literacynumeracyThis emphasis creates pressure on EC programsled some to express concern about schoolificationbringing EC programs into the traditional aimspractices of compulsory schoolingThe general atmosphereculture of EC programs is different that of schoolsOne view proposes a pedagogical meeting place founded on strongequal partnershipsIn this relationship neither culture takes over the other with kindergarten teachersECEs coming together to create a common cultureThis approach can form a strongequal partnership between ECschools ensuring greater continuity between childrens early educational experiencesfoster successful transitionsAchieving successful transitions requires new ways of thinking together such as creating a curriculumpedagogical continuity home to school continuityprofessional
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