FRHD 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Informed Consent, Neolithic, Upper Paleolithic

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Human Development Jeffrey Jensen Arnett
Chapter 1 A Cultural Approach to Human Development
Section 1 Human Development Today and Its Origins
Humanity Today: A Demographic Profile
Variations Across Countries
Developed Countries
Economically developed and affluent countries, with the
highest median levels of income and education
Developing Countries
Lower levels of income and education than developed
countries but are experiencing rapid economic growth
Cultural differences between developed and developing countries
Individualistic
Cultural values such as independence and self-expression
Collectivistic
Cultural values such as obedience and group harmony
Traditional culture
A rural culture that adheres more closely to cultural
traditions than people in urban areas do
Variations Within Countries
- Most countries today have a majority culture
- Also occurs in the settings and circumstances of individual lives (contexts)
- Gender
- Ethnicity
- Socioeconomic status (SES)
Human Origins and the Birth of Culture
Ontogenetic
Characteristic pattern of individual development in a
species
Phylogenetic
Pertaining to the development of a species
Our Evolutionary Beginnings
- Natural selection: evolutionary process in which the offspring best adapted
to their environment survive to produce offspring of their own
- Hominid line: evolutionary line that led to modern humans
Bipedal locomotion
Increase in brain size
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Document Summary

Chapter 1 a cultural approach to human development. Section 1 human development today and its origins. Economically developed and affluent countries, with the highest median levels of income and education. Lower levels of income and education than developed countries but are experiencing rapid economic growth. Cultural values such as obedience and group harmony. A rural culture that adheres more closely to cultural traditions than people in urban areas do. Most countries today have a majority culture. Also occurs in the settings and circumstances of individual lives (contexts) Characteristic pattern of individual development in a species. Natural selection: evolutionary process in which the offspring best adapted to their environment survive to produce offspring of their own. Hominid line: evolutionary line that led to modern humans. The larger brains of early homo babies meant that babies were born less mature, resulting in a longer period of infant dependency, which may have made it difficult for females to accompany males on hunting expeditions.

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