Chapter 18 late adulthood: social and emotional development. Ego differentiation vs. work-role preoccupaton look for new things to do (volunteer) Body transcendence vs. body preoccupation physical decline. Ego transcendece vs. ego preoccupation as death draws nearer, securing future of children and grandchildren, work in the church, environmentalism. As we age we are more focused on emotionally fulfilling experiences, limiting social contacts to a few individuals who are of major importance (not implying antisocial), don"t want to involve themselves in painful social interactions. Carstensen and her colleagues also note that older people"s perceived limitation on future time increases their appreciation for life, which brings out positive emotions. Discuss psychological development in late adulthood, focusing on self-esteem and maintaining independence. Various psychological issues affect older adults, including self-esteem and the factors that contribute to self-esteem in late adulthood. Self-esteem, as we will see, is tied to both independence and dependence.