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Chapter 13

FRHD 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Genital Wart, Sexual Assault, Twin

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1010
Triciavan Rhijn

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Chapter 13: Early Adulthood – Physical and Cognitive Development
Did you know:
D1 – leading causes of death vary among Canadian men and women
> Accidents are the leading cause of death, followed by suicide and then cancer
D2 – Young people are the fasting growing group to be infected with HIV.
> Only about half of adolescents with knowledge of how HIV is transmitted
actually change their sexual practices.
D3 – Menstrual discomfort is normal.
>Statistically speaking, some form of menstrual discomfort is a normal monthly
D4 – The majority of sexual assaults are committed by someone the victim knows.
>According to the Ontario Women’s Directorate, 69% of women who are
sexually assaulted know the person who assaults them. Only 1% of these women will
report the assault to the police.
D5 – Million-dollar lottery winners often feel aimless and dissatisfied if they quit their
jobs after striking it rich.
>That is true – wouldn’t it be nice to be in a position to conduct this research first
L01: Discuss the (theoretical) stage of emerging adulthood
Emerging Adulthood – a theoretical period of development spanning the ages of 18 to 25,
in which young people in developed nations engage in extended role exploration
L02: Describe trends in physical development in early adulthood
Physical Development – height of sensory sharpness, strength, reaction time,
cardiovascular fitness; at their tallest and height remains stable through mid-adulthood;
higher percentage of men’s body mass is muscle, men stronger than women; physical
strength peaks in 20s and early 30s
Visual acuity remains good til mid-adulthood; hearing tends to decline in late
20s/early 30s; heart muscle becomes more rigid; fertility declines; hair thinning, wrinkle
L03: Discuss health in early adulthood, focusing on homosexuality, STIs, menstrual
problems, and sexual coercion
Health & Fitness ~ leading cause of death is accidents; suicide rates high
Diet and Weight
Obesity rising, heredity plays strong role; adaptive thermogenesis: process by
which the body converts food energy (calories) to heat at a lower rate when a person eats
less, because of, for example, famine or dieting
Psychological factors – observational learning, stress and emotional states are
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Need 30 minutes of activity five or more days a week to be healthy – reduces risks of
heart, diabetes and certan cancers; helps with psychological disorders like anxiety or
Substance Abuse and Dependence
Substance Abuse: a persistent pattern of use of a substance characterized by frequent
intoxication and impairment of physical, social, or emotional well-being
Use to cope with medical problems and daily tensions, anxiety, depression,
Substance Dependence: persistent pattern of use of a substance that is accompanied by
physiological addiction
Tolerance: habituation to a drug such that increasingly higher doses are needed to achieve
similar effects
Abstinence Syndrome: characteristic cluster of symptoms that results from a sudden
decrease in level of usage of a substance
>>three most common types of abused substances are depressants, stimulants and
Depressents – slow activity of nervous system; alcohol, narcotics derived from
opium (heroin, morphine, codeine), sedatives (barbituarates, methaqualone)
oAlcohol is also an intoxicant, lessens inhibitions; 21-34 year olds; more
than 1 million students between 18-24 accidentally injured while under
influence, assaulted by other students or sexually assaulted by men who
have been drinking
Stimulants – speed heartbeat and other bodily functions; nicotine, cocaine,
amphetamines; cocaine accelerates heart, spikes blood pressure, constricts arteries
of heart and thickens blood; overdoses cause restlessness, insomnia, tremors and
Hallucinogenics: drugs that give rise to hallucinations; marijuana, ecstasy, LSD,
oMarijuana – motor coordination, short-term memory
oEcstasy – free from inhibition, working memory, increase anxiety, leads to
Stress and Health
45% of Canadians feel that they do not have control over their stress levels
L04: Sexuality
Sexual activity with a partner usually peaks in 20s; Canadians have more sex partners in
a lifetime than people in most other countries, and we are also more sexually
adventurous, spending more time on foreplay and intercourse
The origins of sexual orientation
1% of Canadians aged 18-59 report to be homosexual
94% of respondents identified themselves as heterosexual
what does the role of reinforcement play; critics point out most individuals
become aware of their sexual orientation before they have sexual contacts
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