Maslow"s hierarchy of needs: believed that human needs are the motivating factors in personality development. Basic physiological needs: food, water, shelter, sleep, etc. Safety and security needs: ability to protect ourselves from harm. Love and belonging needs: without, loneliness can occur. Erikson"s theory of psychosocial development: 3 aspects of identity. Adulthood: generativity vs. stagnation: old age: integrity vs. despair. Values: criteria by which you evaluate things, people, events and yourself. Instrumental values: ways of thinking/acting we hold important. Terminal values: goals and achievements we strive towards. Publicly affirm your values by sharing with others. Learned helplessness: blaming others for our failures and transferring our responsibility for adopting healthy lifestyle choices over to society. Mood: a more sustained emotional state that colours our view of the world. Self-efficacy: our belief that we can produce an effect. Assertive: recognizing your feelings and making your needs and desires clear to others.