FRHD 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 11: Substance Abuse, Stereotype Threat, Overchoice

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March 10th, 2016. FRHD1010 Unit 8
Chapter 11
Emerging Adulthood: Body, Mind and Social World (age 18-25)
Bi-social Development
oBy 17, 74% will graduate from high school, by 18 79% will enrol in
college/university, by 25 employment in chosen field, by age 28 women will have
their first child (20% will not) by 29 women will be married and 31 for men.
oAll bodily systems are functioning optimally at this stage, 68.4% of Canadian
young adults reported their physical health was either good or excellent. Some
serious diseases are not yet present but childhood ailments have subsided. Teeth
are cavity free, heart rate steady, brain is functioning well and lung capacity is
oFalling birthrates globally, many in this developmental stage are not prepared
(mentally or emotionally) for parenthood and use contraception more.
oHalf of all new cases of STI’s occur in people younger than 26, prime vectors for
spreading HIV.
oEmerging adults have more accidents than any other age group that sends them to
the ER. Common examples include: unprotected sex with a new partner, driving
fast without a seatbelt, abusing drugs and addictive gambling.
oDrug abuse is the ingestion of a drug to the extent that it impairs the user’s
biological or psychological well-being. Abusers often become addicts.
Cognitive Development
oPost-formal thought a proposed adult stage of cognitive development following
Piaget’s 4 stages. Postformal thought goes beyond adolescent thinking by being
more practical, flexible and dialectical (more open to a grey area, not just black
and white) often less impulsive than adolescents.
oAdvancements in social understanding including how to best interact with others,
keeping good friends and helping others.
oStereotype threat is the possibility that one’s appearance or behaviour will be
misread to confirm another person’s oversimplified, prejudiced attitudes.
Thoughts can become a threat which results in anxiety.
oThe increase in university and college students has caused massification which is
the idea that establishing higher learning institutions and encouraging college and
university enrolment could benefit everyone (the masses), leading to marked
increases in the number of emerging adults in post secondary institutions. This is
extending to Asia and Africa as well, where many new post secondary options are
being opened.
oThe more years of higher education a person pursues, the deeper and more post
formal the person’s reasoning becomes. Most professors have found that social
interaction and intellectual challenge advances thinking.
oUniversity is more diverse, especially with gender. 56% of women in Canada now
get a university education. Ethnic, racial, economic and religious diversity are
also evident and these differences help to challenge thinking and new
Psychosocial Development
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