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Chapter 2

FRHD 1020 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Norm (Social), Symbolic Interactionism

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1020
Shayna Sparling

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FRHD 1020
Analyzing involves trying to understand a phenomenon or event by breaking it into smaller
parts and seeing how they fit together or are organized
Get an explanation of how something has happened, and why something has occurred
Motivational theories: assumes that you can choose or determine why and how you do
Normative theories: assuming social norms predict behaviour and action
Social norm: rule about our conduct that is held and followed by most people in society
o Become basis for social expectations
Formal norms: laws or rules established by an authority
Informal norms: not codified or written but shared by many people
Age-graded norm: norms that organize individual and family change are related to our ages and
stage of life
Major criticist of norm theories
o They fail to explain how norms are formed and how they develop
o Norms are different from society to society
Major Theoretical Frameworks for Studying Families
Functional: family is a normative institution in all societies and family is central in all societies to
perform functions of reproduction, control of sexuality, and socialization
o Tends to see social chage as a theat to society’s istitutioal fuctioal elatios
Conflict: think of family as a social group
o Affected by large scale forces
Feminist: women are subjugated and oppressed by patriarchy
Systems: all elements of a system affect each other
o Major concepts: feedback and equilibrium
o Family member affect one another and the balance of the entire family system
Rational choice and social exchange: individuals having the rational capacity to choose those
actions deemed to produce the greatest rewards relative to costs
Symbolic interaction: individuals being constructed by their society
Bioecological: biological and evolutionary selves with our social selves
Developmental and life course: stages and transitions
Marco historical theories: forces behind the individual or society create change
Life Course Theory
Social Dynamics
o Change is everywhere
o Change can only be measured across a point in time
Basic concepts
o Events
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