FRHD 1020 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Alcoholism, Personal Boundaries

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Chapter 13 Couples and Family
What is a problem?
“a social problem exists when a significant number of people believe that a certain
condition is in fact a problem”
Public decides when a problem is a problem
Indigenous: Aboriginal
Vested Interests: group of people who have a stake in keeping society as it is
Greatest influence in defining problems
Usually the most wealthiest and benefit from the current system, they may be
concerned with the cost of problems to society
Gatekeepers: individuals recognized as having special expertise in identifying
Example: doctors, police, judges, juries, social workers
Not everyone in society defines problems in the same way two groups may
see a particular situation as containing a problem, but they may differ
dramatically as to just what the problem is
When the special interests of two groups are the similar, they may work
together to force change
Dealing with a New Problem
Reuben Hill proposed what he called the ABCX model of response.
‘A’ – the stressor or the event
‘B’ impact of the stressor is affected by the family’s resources
‘C’ – how the family view the event
‘X’ these three factors (A, B, and C) interact to produce the …
Crisis: an imbalance in demands placed on an individual or family and their ability
to meet the deand
Once familiar problem-solving methods fail, the family boundaries are
loosened enough to allow for new information; rules and roles become
confused; and tension between family members increases
Functional: increased a ability of the family to solve problems
Example: stay at home spouse may find a job in order to increase family income
Dysfunctional: decreased ability of family to solve problems
Example: blaming the husband for all of the family’s difficulties
Family crisis usually evolve over time, and pressures from various sources
This fact led to an expansion of the ABCX model into the “Double ABCX
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