FRHD 1100 Chapter 4: Chapter 4

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Chapter 4: Physical Activity for Fitness, Health, and Athletic
Performance
Physical Activity: Any body movement produced by the skeletal muscles that
results in a substantial increase over resting energy expenditure.
Physical Activity and Health:
Benefits of regular physical activity:
Lower risk of heart disease
Lower risk of diabetes
Can protect people against coronary mortality
Lower risk of high blood pressure
Lower risk of breast, ovarian, and colon cancer
Helps to maintain healthy weight
Increases respiratory capacity
Increases strength and muscle tone
Improves mood, reduces psychological symptoms, and sharpens thinking
Improves digestion and fat metabolism
Improves circulation
Strengthens bones and increases joint flexibility
Goals of Centre of Health Promotion:
Funding national healthy living projects
Improving collaboration between federal, provincial, and territorial
governments with regard to healthy living initiatives
Collecting and sharing knowledge about healthy living so national,
provincial, municipal agencies can make informed program decisions when
implementing healthy living strategies
The Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines recommends adults aged 18-64 years-
old accumulate at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous-intensity aerobic
physical activity (MVPA) per week, in bouts of 10 minutes or more. They also
recommend two days of bone-strengthening activities using motor muscle groups
a week.
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