FRHD 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Blood Alcohol Content, Fortified Wine, Cardiac Arrhythmia

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Chapter 12: Alcohol and Tobacco Use, Misuse, and Abuse
Ethyl Alcohol: The alcohol in alcoholic beverages.
One drink can be defined as:
One standard bottle or can, 355mL of beer (5% alcohol)
One glass, 148mL of table wine (12% alcohol)
One small glass, 74mL of fortified wine (20% alcohol)
One shot, 44mL of distilled spirits (50% alcohol)
Proof: A number that is twice the percentage of alcohol.
Blood Alcohol Concentration: The percentage of alcohol in the blood.
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Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines:
Ten drinks a week for women, with a maximum of no more than two drinks
per most days
Fifteen drinks a week for men, with a maximum of no more than three
drinks per most days
On special occasionsa maximum of no more than three drinks for women
and four drinks for men on any single occasion
If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding, the
safest choice is no alcohol at all
Intoxication: An abnormal state that is essentially a poisoning.
Effects of Alcohol Abuse on the Body:
Brain
o Damages and eventually destroys brain cells
o Impairs memory
o Dulls senses
o Impairs physical coordination
Immune system
o Lowers resistance to diseases
Heart
o Weakens heart muscle
o May raise blood pressure
o Causes irregular heartbeat
Stomach and intestines
o Causes bleeding and inflammation
o May trigger cancer
Liver
o Damages and eventually destroys liver cells
o Displaces important nutrients, which can cause malnutrition
Reproductive system
o In men, hormone levels be altered; impotence may occur
o In women, menstrual cycles become irregular; pregnant women have
an increased risk of bearing children with birth defects
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