FRHD 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1 & 13: Asclepius, Health Canada, Health Promotion

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Chapter 1 & 13 Textbook Notes
Asklepios (Aesculapius) Greek God of health, father of medicine
Panacea Healer, daughter of Asklepios, believed in treating illness (panacea means “remedy for all ills or
difficulties”)
Hygeia Healer, daughter of Asklepios, believe in prevention of illness (hygiene is a derivative)
First Nations/Aboriginal Health and Wellness
Elders encouraged living “Bimaadiziwin”: Suggests that a reciprocal relationship between ourselves and
mother earth provides physical and spiritual sustenance for life
Medicine Wheel: Helps understand the meaning/vision of wellness
Centre Circle: Wellness begins with taking personal responsibility
2nd Circle: Balancing emotional, physical, and social aspects
3rd Circle: Links the values of respect, wisdom, responsibility, relationships
4th Circle: Portrays where we came from and who we’re surrounded by
5th Circle: Important influences of social, cultural, environmental determinants
Outer Circle: Illustrates communities gathering together with respect
World Health Organization (WHO)
Health Definition: A state of complete physical, mental, and social wellness, not merely the absence of disease
(1948)
“A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians” Document (Lalonde Report): Includes 4 elements (human
biology, environment, lifestyle, healthcare organizations), encouraged medical leaders to rethink practices
focused on treatment-based medicine and acknowledge vast sums of money used to treat illness that could be
prevented (1974)
Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion: International agreement to build healthy public policy through health
promotion. Follow up report “Achieving Health for All” identified challenges; reducing inequities, increasing
prevention, enhancing coping capacity. Prevention mechanisms were identified as self-care, mutual aid, and
healthy environments.
Health Belief Model: Originated in 1950’s
Developed to predict and explain health behaviour. Considers social, ecological, and environmental factors
that influence behaviour.
Precede-Proceed Model
Purpose is to provide a guide to improving health behaviours through socio-ecological approach. Encourages
thinking about individual health behaviours and choices within our environment.
Quality of Life Model
3 Life Domains; Being, Belonging, and Becoming
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Being: Who One is, Belonging: Connection with one’s environment, Becoming: Achieving personal goals,
hopes, aspirations
Emphasizes physical, psychological, and spiritual functioning
Population Health: A way of thinking about social and economic forces that shape the health of canadians, builds
upon public health and health promotion
Canadian Institute for Health Information (CIHI)
Provide information about national health indicators and standards, health spending, and health research
Public Health Agency of Canada
Works with provinces/territories to keep citizens healthy and reduce healthcare costs
Headed by chief public health officer who reports to the minister of health
Focuses on preventing chronic disease and responds to health emergencies/infectious disease outbreaks
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
A federal agency that funds health research
Health knowledge gained from research is then made available to health/recreation/school professionals to
strengthen healthcare system
First Nations, Inuit, and Aboriginal Health: Branch of Health Canada
Supports delivery of public health and health services to people on reserves
Provides information about alcohol/drugs, nutrition, fetal alcohol syndrome, etc.
ParticipACTION: Not-for-profit organization
Works to inspire/support Canadians to move more, voice of physical activity
Physical and Health Education Canada
Advocates for physical and health education programs in schools and communities
Epidemiology: Study of how often diseases occur in different groups and why
Used to evaluate health strategies and prevent illness
Uses variety of methods; environmental, clinical, genetic, molecular, social, etc
descriptive Epidemiology: distribution of disease in a specific population
Analytical Epidemiology: Investigating a causal factor by studying the exposure of interest to the disease
Wellness: Defined as purposeful, enjoyable living
Dr. Halbert Dunn believed health was a passive state of homeostasis” and that wellness was a dynamite
process of continually moving towards one’s potential for optimal functioning”. Wellness was dependent on
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