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Chapter 1

FRHD 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Health Promotion, Collectivism, Social Safety Net

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 1100
Robin Milhausen

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Life: Health and Well-Being Chapter 1 Notes An Invitation to Health
and Wellness
Health not merely the absence of disease or infirmity but a state of complete physical,
mental, and social well-being
Wellness a deliberate lifestyle choice characterized by personal responsibility and optimal
enhancement of physical, mental, and spiritual health
Wellness is purposeful individuals make deliberates choices everyday which impact
their health and wellbeing
Wellness is a dynamic process wellness is not something you “achieve” and then you
are done; it’s an ongoing and dynamic process
Morbidity disease
Mortality death
Health Promotion the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve
their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, an individual
must be able to identify and realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cop with the
environment. Health promotion is not just the responsibility of the health sector, but goes
beyond healthy lifestyles to well-being
Three National Health Challenges in Achieving Health for All:
Reducing inequalities, increasing prevention effort, enhancing people’s capacity to cope
Three Mechanisms for Health Promotion:
Self-care the decisions and actions individuals take in the interest of their own health
Mutual aid the actions people take to help each other cope
Healthy environments the creation of conditions and surroundings conductive to
Population Health a way of thinking about the social and economic forces that shape the
health of Canadians
What is Epidemiology?
The study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why
Can be used to evaluate health strategies and prevent certain illnesses
Guide health care workers with dealing with patients with specific diseases

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Wellness and The Wellness Movement- What is Wellness?
Purposeful, enjoyable living; deliberate lifestyle choice characterized by personal
responsibility and optimal enhancement of physical, mental, and spiritual health
Taking steps to avoid illness and live life to the fullest
Halbert Dunn believed that health was a passive state of homeostasis or balance
Wellness dynamic process of continually moving toward one’s potential for optimal
Wellness depends on 3 criteria:
1. Direction and progress toward a higher potential of functioning
2. Total individual, which includes physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual
3. Functioning and adapting for daily living and in times of crisis
Six Dimensions of Wellness
Social dimension
o Encourages a collectivistic view of the world (contributing to society, helping
others, valuing concept of interdependence between ourselves and the
o Especially important in times of crisis
Occupational dimension
o Finding enrichment through work or vocation can enhance well being
o “Well” occupation consistent with values, interests, beliefs
o Attitude toward your work
Spiritual dimension
o Identifying our basic purpose in life; learning how to experience love, joy, peace,
o Helping ourselves and others achieve our potential
o Spiritual wellness: better to live in harmony with others and our environment
than to live with them in conflict
o Develop relationship with higher being and the universe
o Believers = recover from depression earlier
o Frequent church goers = lower blood pressure and more rigorous immune
Physical dimension
o Met through participation in regular physical activity
o Food and beverage consumption that enhance good health
o Avoid harmful behaviours (drugs and alcohol)
Intellectual dimension
o Ability to think and learn from life experience, your openness to new ideas,
capacity to question and evaluate information
o Well person cherishes intellectual growth and stimulation
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