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Chapter 9

FRHD 2040 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Language Acquisition Device, Operant Conditioning, Dramatization

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2040
Triciavan Rhijn

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Program Design for Children
Chapter 9
A system of communication used by humans, orally or by sign, can be
extended to written form
Characteristics of Language:
o It’s rule governed - learned by people who speak it
o It’s arbitrary – no logical connections between the sounds that we use
to label objects and objects themselves
Social groups agree to use a particular combo of sounds to
represent an object very few words actually sound like what
they represent (i.e. buzz)
o Language is changing get new meaning, disregard word
System of Language:
Phonology: System of sounds that make up the language, includes the
sounds that are used to make words, rules for combining sounds, stress and
intonation patterns that help to communicate meaning
Morphology: Meaning of sounds
o Morpheme: Smallest unit of sound that carries meaning
Morphemes signals change of tense, person and number rather
than meaning
Syntax: Third system of language, contains rules for combining words into
phrases and sentences and for transforming sentences into other sentences
o Provides info about word meanings based on their place sin sentences
Semantics: Acquiring vocabulary and meanings associated with words
o Child’s system of meanings is constantly developing and changing as
result of experiences
Pragmatics: Use of language to express intention and to get things done
o Learn to adapt their language to achieve their communication goals in
different situations and to do so in socially acceptable ways
o Rules of appropriate language in church, on playground, etc.
Communicative Competence: Ability of a speaker to use language
appropriately in a communication experience
Sociolinguistics: Study of language in social context related to pragmatics
Learning Language:
Most kids master basic structures by the time they’re 4
2 premises that underlie this chapter:
o Belief that language is not acquired externally but rather is part of a
process of personal development and emerges in the context of social
use (Goodman)
o Language, both oral and sign, is not development in isolation language
is always related to cognitive development
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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