FRHD 2100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: X Chromosome, Sex Steroid, Inguinal Canal
Gender: the psychological state of being female or male, as influenced by cultural concepts of gender-appropriate behaviour. Gender if distinct from anatomical sex, which is based on the physical differences between females and males. Complex concept based on psychology, culture, tradition, and the anatomy of an individual. Gender roles: clusters of behaviour that are deemed masculine or feminine in particular cultures. Gender typing: the process by which children acquire behaviours deemed appropriate for their sex. Sexual differentiation: the process by which males and females develop distinct reproductive anatomy. Aristotle mistakenly believed that the anatomical difference between m/f was due to the heat of semen at the time of sexual relations (hot = males, cold = females) When a sperm fertilizes an ovum, 23 chromosomes (a rod-like structure found in the nucleus of every living cell. It carries the genetic code in the form of genes) from the male parent combine with 23 chromosomes from the female parent.