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Chapter 4

FRHD 2100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Erogenous Zone, Depressant, Aphrodisiac

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2100
Tuuli Kukkonen

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Chapter 4: Sexual Arousal and Response
All the senses play a role in sparking sexual arousal
Visual cues can be sexual turn-on’s
Women tend to dress and ornament themselves in more appealing ways
when they are in their fertile phases of their ovulation cycles
Men are more likely to consider women dressed in red as more sexually
desirable and attractive men are unaware of this colorful effect
Some couples find it arousing to observe themselves making love in a mirror
or videotape
Both males and females can be aroused by sexually mediated erotica men
tend to be more interested in it than women are
Our body’s natural odors can play a role in sexual attraction and arousal
Western society has been preoccupied with personal cleanliness
Scents like soaps, deodorants, perfumes and colognes are encouraged -
cultural conditioning rather than a biological predisposition
In some societies, genital secretions are consider aphrodisiacs any drug or
other agent that’s sexually arousing or that increases sexual desire
Pheromones chemical substances that are secreted externally by certain
animals and that convey information to, or produce specific response in,
other members of the same species
Pheromones are odorless chemicals that many animals detect through a sixth
sense the vomeronasal organ (VNO)
People possess VNO in the mucous lining of the nose
Found in a study that pheromones do not directly increase sexual behaviour
but it does increase sexual attractiveness
Research has found that exposure to other women’s sweat can modify a
women’s menstrual cycle
Research has found that body odors play a role in the selection of sex
Found that gay males and lesbians may produce axillary odors that can be
distinguished from those of heterosexuals
Found that gay males perceive these odorants differently than heterosexual
males do
Found that gay males are most likely to be attracted to the body odors of
other gay males and heterosexual males are least likely to be attracted to the
body odors of other gay males
Sense of touch has the most direct effect on sexual arousal and response
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Erogenous zones are parts of the body that are especially sensitive to tactile
sexual stimulation to stokes and other caresses
Primary erogenous zones are erotically sensitive because they are richly
endowed with nerve endings include the genitals; the inner thighs,
perineum, buttocks, and anus; the breasts/nipples, the ears,/earlobes, the
mouth, lips and tongue; the neck, navel and armpits preference vary
somewhat from person to person, reflecting biological, attitudinal and
experiential differences
Secondary erogenous zones are parts of the body that become erotically
sensitized through experience
Areas that are exquisitely sensitive for some people may produce virtually no
reaction or even discomfort in others
Secondary erogenous zones become eroticized through association with
sexual stimulation
Some people become sexually aroused by the taste of genital secretions
vaginal secretions or seminal fluid
Do not know if these secretions are laced with chemicals that have
biologically arousing effects
Learn to become associated with by or seek out flavors and odors we have
associated with sexual pleasure
Others are turned off by taste or odor of these secretions
The sense of hearing also provides an important medium for sexual arousal
and response
Like visual and olfactory cues, sounds can be turn on’s and turn offs
Key words or coal intonations may become arousing as direct stimulation of
an erogenous zone
Many are aroused when their lovers talk dirty and others find it vulgar
Music itself can contribute to sexual arousal music can relax us and put us
in the mood or evoke powerful emotions
Placebo effect perception that consumption of a substance (E.g. a
medication) results in an effect (e.g. relief of a headache) even though the
substance does not contain properties (e.g. active ingredients that reduce
pain) that cause the effect to occur
An aphrodisiacs is a substance that arouses or increases one’s capacity for
sexual desire or response
Aphrodisiacs are subject to placebo effect because the belief that a substance
has sexually stimulating effects may itself inspire sexual excitement
Foods that resemble genitals have now and then been considered
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Drugs and psychoactive substances may have certain effects on sexual
arousal and response
Viagra (treatment for erectile dysfunction) drug facilitates an erection but
it does not trigger sexual arousal so if the man is not sexually aroused, Viagra
will not produce an erection
Other drugs; amyl nitrate (used mostly by gay men), poppers (dilate blood
vessels in the brain and genitals), Cialis more info. Pg. 100
The most potent chemical aphrodisiac may be a naturally occurring
substance in the body the hormone testosterone it’s the basic fuel of
sexual desire in both males and females
Anaphrodisiacs a drug or other agent whose effects are antagonistic to
sexual arousal or sexual desire
Tranquilizers and central nervous system depressants such as barbiturates
can lessen sexual desire and impair sexual performance
Antihypertensive drugs, used in treatment of high blood pressure may
produce erectile and ejaculatory difficulties in men and reduction of sexual
Certain antidepressant drugs dampen sexual drive
Nicotine the stimulant in tobacco smoke, constricts blood vessels can
impede sexual arousal by reducing the capacity of the genitals to be gorged
with blood
Studies have found that smoking can reduce men’s ability to have erections
Antiandrogen drugs a drug that reduces levels of androgen in the blood
system may have a anaphrodisiac effect - used in the treatment of deviant
behaviour patterns such as sexual violence and adult sexual interest in
children with some promising results
Psychoactive Drugs
Alcohol small amounts of alcohol can induce feelings of well-being but large
amounts curb sexual response reduces central nervous system activity -
people who drink moderate amounts of alcohol also may lower sexual
inhibitors because it allows us to ascribe our behaviour to the effects of the
alcohol rather than ourselves it may also induce feelings of euphoria which
may lead people to believe they are experiencing enhanced sexual arousal
alcohol appears to impair ability to weigh information that might otherwise
inhibit sexual impulses
Hallucinogens no evidence that marijuana or other hallucinogenic drugs
directly stimulate sexual response the drugs effects on sexual response may
depend on the individuals prior experience with and attitude toward the
drug, as well as the amount he or she uses
Stimulants stimulants such as amphetamines are reputed to heighten
arousal and sensation of orgasm high does can give rise to irritability,
restlessness, hallucinations, paranoid delusions, insomnia and loss of
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