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CA (170,000)
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FRHD 2100 (400)
Chapter 4

FRHD 2100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Sexual Arousal, Sexual Stimulation, Aphrodisiac


Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 2100
Professor
Ajay Heble
Chapter
4

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The$Senses$and$Sexual$Arousal
Men$appear$to$be$more$responsive$to$visual$stimuli$than$women
Women$tend$to$dress$and$ornament$themselves$in$more$appealing$ways$when$
they$are$in$the$fertile$phase$of$their$ovulatory$cycle
Men$are$more$likely$to$consider$women$dressed$in$red$as$more$sexually$
desirable$and$attractive,$same$vice$versa
Some$couples$find$it$arousing$to$observe$themselves$having$sex$in$front$of$a$
mirror$or$on$a$video$recording$
Vision
Body's$natural$odours$can$play$a$significant$role$in$sexual$attraction$and$arousal
In$some$societies,$genital$secretions$are$considered$aphrodisiacs
Aphraodisiacs:$drug$or$other$agent$that’s$sexually$arousing$or$that$increases$
sexual$desire
Smell
Chemical$substances$that$are$secreted$externally$by$certain$animals$and$that$
convey$information$to$or$produce$specific$responses$in$other$members$of$the$
same$species
Substance$increased$the$sexual$attractiveness$of$men$to$their$partners,$no$claim$
that$it$directly$stimulated$sexual$behaviour
Research$suggests$that$exposure$to$other$women's$sweat$can$modify$a$woman's$
menstrual$cycle
Menstrual.Synchrony
Heterosexual$males,$heterosexual$females$and$lesbians$preferred$axillary$
odours$taken$from$heterosexual$males$over$those$taken$from$gay$males
Gay$males$preferred$axillary$ odours$taken$from$other$gay$males
Heterosexual$males,$heterosexual$females$and$lesbians$preferred$axillary$
odours$taken$from$lesbians$over$gay$males$
Heterosexual$males$preferred$axillary$ odours$taken$from$lesbians$over$those$
taken$from$gay$males
Body.Odours.and.Sexual.Orientation
Most$direct$effect$on$sexual$arousal$and$response
Touch
Parts$of$the$body$that$are$especially$sensitive$to$tactile$sexual$stimulation
Primary$erogenous$zones:$erogenous$zones$that$are$particularly$sensitive$
because$they$are$richly$endowed$with$nerve$endings
Secondary$erogenous$zones:$parts$of$the$body$that$become$erotically$sensitized$
through$experience
Erogenous.Zones
Some$people$are$sexually$aroused$by$the$taste$of$genital$secretions
Taste
Sounds$can$be$turn-ons$or$turn-offs
Music$can$contribute$to$sexual$arousal
Hearing
Foods$that$resemble$genitals$have$been$considered$aphrodisiacs
Drug$arginine,$an$amino$acid$extracted$from$the$African$yohimbe$tree$
stimulates$blood$flow$to$the$genitals
Amyl$nitrate$is$believed$to$heighten$sensations$of$arousal$and$orgasm
Viagra$dilates$blood$vessels$in$the$genital$organs$
Most$potent$chemical$aphrodisiac$may$be$the$hormone$testosterone
Aphrodisiacs,$Anaphrodisiacs,$and$Psychoactive$Drugs
A$drug$or$other$agent$whose$effects$are$antagonistic$to$sexual$arousal$or$sexual$
desire
Antiandrogen:$a$drug$that$reduces$the$levels$of$androgen$in$the$blood$system
Anaphrodisiacs
Include$alcohol$and$cocaine,$are$believed$to$have$aphrodisiac$effects
Psychoactive$Drugs
Small$amounts$can$induce$feelings$of$well-being,$large$amounts$curb$sexual$
response
Depressant,$reduces$CNS$activity
People$who$drink$moderate$amounts$of$alcohol$may$feel$more$sexually$aroused$
because$of$their$expectations$about$alcohol,$not$their$chemical$properties
Can$induce$feelings$of$euphoria
Alcohol
A$moderate$amount$may$have$a$positive$effect$on$sexual$desire$and$pleasure
Large$amounts$have$the$opposite$effect
Marijuana
Amphetamine$heighten$arousal$and$sensations$of$orgasms,$elevate$mood$and$
sexual$pleasure
High$doses$can$give$rise$to$irritability,$ restlessness,$$hallucinations,$paranoid$
delusions,$insomnia,$loss$of$appetite,$and$cardiac$problems
Crystal$meth$is$used$as$a$aphrodisiac
There's$evidence$that$cocaine$enhances$sexual$arousal$in$both$males$and$
females$by$increasing$levels$of$dopamine
Cocaine$is$a$natural$stimulant$that$produces$a$euphoric$rush
Stimulants
Cerebral$cortex:$wrinkled$surface$area$(grey$matter)$of$the$cerebrum
Limbic$system:$a$group$of$structures$active$in$memory,$motivation$and$emotion
cerebral$cortex$transmits$messages$when$we$experience$ sexual$thoughts,$
images,$wishes,$and$fantasies
Sexual$Response$in$the$Brain
Sex$Hormones$and$Sexual$Behaviour
Sex$hormones$influence$the$type$of$behaviour$that's$expressed$and$frequency$
or$intensity$of$the$drive$that$motivates$the$behaviour$and$ability$to$perform$the$
behaviour
Organizing$and$Activating$Influences
Male$sex$hormones$are$known$to$influence$sex$drive$and$sexual$response$in$
men
Hypogonadism:$a$condition$marked$by$abnormally$low$levels$of$testosterone$
production
At$puberty,$hormonal$variation$may$play$a$more$direct$role$in$stimulating$sexual$
interest$and$activity$in$males
Male$Sexual$Behaviour
Female$sex$hormones$play$prominent$roles$in$promoting$changes$in$puberty$
and$regulating$menstrual$cycle
Ovariectomy:$surgical$removal$of$the$ovaries
Androgens$play$a$prominent$role$in$activating$and$maintaining$women's$sex$
drives
Female$Sexual$Behaviour
Both$women$and$men$reported$sexual$arousal$can$be$enhanced$by$their$
partner's$positive$characteristics,$sex$that$was$varied$and$anticipation$of$sexual$
encounters
Can$be$inhibited$by$a$partner's$self$consciousness,$a$feeling$of$giving$more$than$
receiving,$worries$about$various$issues
Women$were$more$inhibited$than$men$about$possible$sexual$violence$and$
exploitation,$fear$that$they$weren't$good$lovers,$and$fear$that$they$were$taking$
too$long$to$become$aroused$and/or$not$having$orgasms
More$aroused$by$positive$characteristics,$feeling$able$to$trust$their$partners,$
feeling$emotionally$connected,$feeling$able$to$trust$their$partners,$feeling$their$
partners$were$sensitive$to$their$needs,$and$the$effects$of$hormones$than$men
Men$were$more$aroused$than$women$by$specific$sexual$stimuli
Factors$Influencing$Sexual$Arousal
Chapter(4
Wednesday,$ September$ 27,$2017
2:52$PM
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