FRHD 2260 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Nanny, Child Care

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Chapter 1
Caregiving and Educating
- examining your beliefs and values: consider your parents and families,
societal expectations, personal knowledge and beliefs and your caregiver
role
- the code of ethics was developed by the national association for the
education of young children; this organization was founded in 1926 and
conists of nearly 100,000 members; it is the worlds largest otganization
working on behalf of young children
- reflection is a learning method that engages an individual in a process of self
observation and self examination
- reflective teaching: event is observed and connections to
experience/values/beliefs/assumptions are made to make an evaluation
based on theory/research/pegagogy; a decision is made about the learners
needs/environment/interactions with family/adaptations
- child-centeredness means taking a hands-off approach indicating that young
children play independently and employ self-direction will the adults aren’t
involved
- sensory play involves touching, smelling, tasting, hearing or seeing
individually or simultaneously
- the concept of developmental domains is an artificial notion created as a way
to provide more detailed info about particular aspects of development; they
include areas like the physical, intellectual, emotional and social
- holistic development focuses on who the child is rather than what the child
can do in each developmental area; this focuses on history, relationships,
experiences, culture, status, health, gender, etc
- it is essential to still refer to developmental norms during the process of
identifying the need for early intervention, as well as for making decisions
regarding appropriate environments, curricula, and materials
- research of what makes developmentally appropriate practice is influential
in shaping how programs should be individually child-centered and suitable
for the childs stage of development
- children learn much from direct instruction, or guided instruction which is a
method of teaching where the adult takes responsibility for structuring
learning experiences (scaffolding)
- creating a well thought out philosophy statement that helps people to
develop common understandings and to work together successfully is
important
- educare refers to that fact that there is no difference between care and
education for young children since you accomplish both simultaneously
- respect for infants, toddlers and families: be accommodating and welcoming,
use full disclosure with the families and children, include families, be tolerant
and supportive of different lifestyles and cultures, etc
- responsive caregiving is an approach to meeting the childs needs that is
mindful of how young children grow and develop and how the adult can
support this process; responsivity involves respect rather than power,
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