FRHD 2260 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Lifeworld, Hand Washing, Highscope

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Chapter 2: Observing Infants, Toddlers and Twos
Pg. 42-53
Confidentiality
-make sure information is stored and shared discreetly
-protect the privacy of children and families
-team members need to know:
-child’s health status
-child’s family and background
-recent occurrences
-each family has different ideas about what constitutes as privacy
Authentic Assessment
-gathering of data-including naturalistic, observational material- that is reviewed in a
contextualized, sensitive, and individual manner
-document child’s growth and development over time
-require respect and sympathetic understanding of the child
-leads to identification of child’s needs
Objectivity
-factual
-record only what you see
-subjective perspective at times can be useful and meaningful
-separate objectively recorded information from your analysis
Participant and Nonparticipant Observation
-either involved in the situation with the child or standing apart, observing
-observing while participating is something you should always be doing with young
children
-nonparticipant leaves you to miss details if you were more directly involved
-organize nonparticipant opportunities to record as you observe
-naturalistic settings prefer but testing-type situations may occur rarely to test skills
-individual will perform better without stress; in a natural environment
Portfolios
-systematic collection of documentations on a child’s growth and development, along
with information on health, family background and other relevant material
Documentation
-blending observation of the individual within the group and interpreting the significance
of those observations
-provides a record of learning experiences in the classroom, reveals connections
between events, and provides children, parents and teachers with an opportunity to
review and plan future experiences
-inference and validation
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Document Summary

Make sure information is stored and shared discreetly. Each family has different ideas about what constitutes as privacy. Gathering of data-including naturalistic, observational material- that is reviewed in a contextualized, sensitive, and individual manner. Require respect and sympathetic understanding of the child. Subjective perspective at times can be useful and meaningful. Either involved in the situation with the child or standing apart, observing. Observing while participating is something you should always be doing with young children. Nonparticipant leaves you to miss details if you were more directly involved. Organize nonparticipant opportunities to record as you observe. Naturalistic settings prefer but testing-type situations may occur rarely to test skills. Individual will perform better without stress; in a natural environment. Systematic collection of documentations on a child"s growth and development, along with information on health, family background and other relevant material. Blending observation of the individual within the group and interpreting the significance of those observations.

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