FRHD 3150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Autism Spectrum, Intellectual Disability, Triple P

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Chapter 2
Triple P Positive Parenting is an effective, multilevel parenting program to prevent and
offer treatment for severe behavioral, emotional, and developmental problems in children
Improvements in the use of behavior modification in physical education have been made,
including.
a. development of reliable observations for monitoring the behavior of physical
education teachers and students to provide usable information
b. increased acceptance by teachers and school administrators of behavioral teaching
skills as important components of teacher preparation programs;
c. increased acceptance of behavioral strategies to help physical educators manage a
variety of behavioral difficulties of students
Behavioral approaches to teaching -Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) uses behavior
modification principles to improve classroom instruction.
1. identifies the target behaviors or learning requirements for a course in the form of
study questions, such as the questions in each chapter in this book
2. requires students to study only a small amount of material before demonstrating
mastery, such as the amount of material in one or two chapters that might be
studied in a week or two
3. has frequent tests (at least once every week or two) in which students demonstrate
their knowledge of the answers to the study questions
4. has mastery criteria so that students must demonstrate mastery at a particular level
before going to the next level
5. is nonpunitive in that students are not penalized for failing to demonstrate mastery
on a test but simply restudy and try again
6. uses a number of student assistants called proctors to score tests immediately and
provide feedback to students concerning test performance
7. incorporates a "go-at-your-own-pace" feature in which students are allowed to
proceed through the course material at rates that suit their own particular abilities
and time demands
8. uses lectures primarily for motivation and demonstration rather than as a major
means of presenting new information
PSI courses can require a good deal of labor
rise of computer technology, some instructors have automated much of the PSI
procedure to make the approach more efficient. (computer-aided PSI =CAPS1)
CAPSI course receive much more substantive feedback than would be possible
in a course taught using traditional methods
A recent study shows that it enhances both learning and critical thinking
Two types of atypical developments that have received special attention from behavior
modifiers are intellectual disabilities and autism
American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD)
defines the term as it previously had defined mental retardation
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Document Summary

Triple p positive parenting is an effective, multilevel parenting program to prevent and offer treatment for severe behavioral, emotional, and developmental problems in children. Psi courses can require a good deal of labor. Rise of computer technology, some instructors have automated much of the psi procedure to make the approach more efficient. (computer-aided psi =caps1) Capsi course receive much more substantive feedback than would be possible in a course taught using traditional methods. A recent study shows that it enhances both learning and critical thinking. Two types of atypical developments that have received special attention from behavior modifiers are intellectual disabilities and autism. American association on intellectual and developmental disabilities (aaidd) defines the term as it previously had defined mental retardation. Intellectual disability: a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills.

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