FRHD 3150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 18: Stimulus Control, Anger Management

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Chapter 18: Antededent Control: Modeling, Physical Guidance, and Situational
Inducement
MODELING
Modeling is a procedure by which a sample of a given behavior is demonstrated to an
individual to induce that individual to engage in a similar behavior.
each of us has had different experiences, the specific variables that determine which models
and modeled behaviors are SDs for imitation vary
several general factors influence the effectiveness of modeling as a behavior modification
technique for most people
1. Arranging for peers to be models
People are more likely to imitate those who are similar to them in various ways
symbolic modelling: The presentation of modeling scenes through films, videos,
and other media
can sometimes be as effective as the real thing
2. Arrange the modeled behaviour to be seen as effective
Clearly, the competence of the model in obtaining desired consequences is a
factor that determines the effectiveness of modeling as a behavior modification
technique.
3. Use multiple models
4. Combine modeling with rules
A combination of instructions, modeling, behavioral rehearsal, and consequence
management has been used to enhance performance in a variety of areas, such as
social skills training, assertion training and anger management
PHYSICAL GUIDANCE
Physical guidance: is the application of physical contact to induce an individual to go
through the motions of a desired behavior.
Physical guidance is always only one component of a teaching procedure.
Less and less physical guidance may be required to teach successive instruction following
until eventually even fairly complex instruction following can be taught with little or no
physical guidance.
Generalized imitation: after learning to imitate a number of behaviors learns to imitate a
new response on the first trial without reinforcement
SITUATIONAL INDUCEMENT
Situational inducement: refers to the influence of a behavior by using situations and
occasions that already exert control over the behavior.
has been used to help increase or decrease target behaviors or to bring them under
appropriate stimulus control.
(a) rearranging the existing surroundings,
(b) moving the activity to a new location,
(c) relocating the people
(d) changing the time of the activity.
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Document Summary

Chapter 18: antededent control: modeling, physical guidance, and situational. Modeling is a procedure by which a sample of a given behavior is demonstrated to an individual to induce that individual to engage in a similar behavior. Each of us has had different experiences, the specific variables that determine which models and modeled behaviors are sds for imitation vary. Several general factors influence the effectiveness of modeling as a behavior modification technique for most people: arranging for peers to be models. People are more likely to imitate those who are similar to them in various ways. Symbolic modelling: the presentation of modeling scenes through films, videos, and other media. Can sometimes be as effective as the real thing: arrange the modeled behaviour to be seen as effective. Clearly, the competence of the model in obtaining desired consequences is a factor that determines the effectiveness of modeling as a behavior modification technique: use multiple models, combine modeling with rules.

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