FRHD 3150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 30: American Psychological Association, Abai Qunanbaiuly, Uptodate

31 views5 pages
Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Chapter 30
Ethical Issues 4/18/2013 5:55:00 PM
Systematic applications of learning principles and techniques are based on 2
assumptions:
(a) Behavior can be controlled
(b) It is desirable to do so to achieve certain objectives
A Behavioral View of Ethics
Ethics: certain standards of behavior that a culture developed to promote the
survival of the culture (from a behavioral point of view)
Strengthens culture through reinforcement and punishment
Ethical guidelines are important sources of behavioral control when
immediate reinforcers influence a person to behave in a way that leads to
aversive stimuli for others
o Eg. a thief who is immediately reinforced by possession of stolen
goods, loss of those goods is aversive to the victimes
Many cultures that reinforced respecting others’ possessions (cultures that
considered not stealing ethical or right and stealing was unethical or
wrong) survived
Ethical Guidelines
Counter-Control: This is the “reciprocal of control; it is the influence the controllee
has on the controller by virtue of access to suitable reinforcers”
Eg. In a democracy, voters exert Countercontrol over elected officials
because they can vote them out of office
-Three highly reputable organizations that have addressed the ethical issues
involved in the application of behavior modification are:
1. The Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy (AABT), now
called the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT)
2. The American Psychological Association (APA)
3. The Association for Behavioral Analysis (ABA), now called the
Association for Behavior Analysis International (ABAI)
Ethical Application of Behavior Modification
1. Qualifications of the Behavior Modifier
-Must receive appropriate academic training
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
-Must receive appropriate supervised practical training to ensure competence in
behavioral assessment, designing and implementing treatment programs,
evaluating their results, and ensuring a thorough understanding of ethics
-Regardless of the level of training, one should always ensure that the procedures
being used are consistent with the most up-to-date literature
2. Definition of the Problem and Selection of Goals
-Target behaviors selected for modification must be those that are the most
important for the client and society
-The emphasis should be on establishing functional, age-appropriate skills that will
enable the client greater freedom to pursue preferred activiteies
-In severe handicaps especially, the focus should be on teaching skills that promote
independent functioning
-The goals should be consistent with the basic rights of the client
3. Selection of Treatment
-Behavior modifiers should use the most effective, empirically validated intervention
methods with the least discomfort and fewest negative side effects
-Behavior modifiers should use the least intrusive and restrictive interventions
wherever possible:
1. Interventions based on positive reinforcement are considered to be less
intrusive and restrictive than interventions based on aversive control
2. Intrusive and restrictive sometimes refer to the extent to which clients
are given choices and allowed freedom of movement in a therapeutic
environment
3. Intrusive and restrictive sometimes refer to the extent to which
consequences are deliberately managed as opposed to naturally occurring
-If it is necessary to use deliberately programmed reinforcers early in a program,
the behavior modifier should transfer control to natural reinforcers as quickly as
possible
4. Record Keeping and Ongoing Evaluation
-Should be maintenance of accurate data throughout program including:
thorough behavioral assessment before the intervention is developed
ongoing monitoring of target behaviors as well as possible side effects
appropriate follow-up evaluation after the treatment is concluded
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Systematic applications of learning principles and techniques are based on 2 assumptions: (b) it is desirable to do so to achieve certain objectives. Ethics: certain standards of behavior that a culture developed to promote the survival of the culture (from a behavioral point of view) Many cultures that reinforced respecting others" possessions (cultures that considered not stealing ethical or right and stealing was unethical or wrong) survived. Counter-control: this is the reciprocal of control; it is the influence the controllee has on the controller by virtue of access to suitable reinforcers . In a democracy, voters exert countercontrol over elected officials because they can vote them out of office. Three highly reputable organizations that have addressed the ethical issues involved in the application of behavior modification are: The association for the advancement of behavior therapy (aabt), now called the association for behavioral and cognitive therapies (abct) The association for behavioral analysis (aba), now called the.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.