FRHD 3150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 24: Reinforcement, Stimulus Control

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Chapter 24
Planning, Applying and Evaluating a Behavioral
Program 4/18/2013 9:38:00 PM
Deciding Whether to Design a Program Following A Referral
-The fact that a problem has been referred is not always a sufficient reason for
proceeding with program design and implementation
-The following questions during screening are helpful:
1. Was the Problem Referred Primarily for the Benefit of the Client?
If the problem was referred by others, determining whether the
accomplishment of the goal will be for the benefit of the client is key
If accomplishment is for benefit of others, it should be at least neutral for
the client
Ethical considerations- stop here
2. Is the Problem Important to the Client or to Others?
Will solving the problem lead to less aversiveness or more positive
reinforcement for the client or others?
Will solving the problem give rise directly or indirectly to other desirable
to others?
If the answer is no to either, reconsider your involvement in the problem
3. Can the Problem and The goal Be Specified So that you are dealing with
a specific behavior or set of behavioral that can be measured in some way?
If problem is vague (my child is a poor student), you must specify a
component behavior that a) defines the problem and b) can be measured
or assessed objectively
4. Are you the appropriate person to deal with this problem?
If problem has medical complications, psychological problems (danger of
suicide) that you are not qualified to treat, appropriate specialist should
be consulted
5. Is the problem one that would appear to be easily manageable?
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6. If the desired behavior change is obtained, can it be readily generalized
to and maintained in the natural environment?
Consider how your training setting can be faded into the natural
environment
Consider whether the natural environment has contingencies that will
maintain the improved behavior
Consider weather you can influence people in the natural environment to
help maintain the improved behavior
Consider weather the client can learn a self-control behavior
7. Can you identify significant individuals (friends, teachers) in the clients
natural environment who might help record observations and manage
controlling stimuli reinforcers?
8. If there are people who might hinder the program, can you identify ways
to minimize their potential interference?
Makes little sense to design a program if people are going to reinforce
undesirable behavior that you are trying to extinguish
Selection and Implementation of preprogram Assessment Procedure
-If you have decided to treat a problem that has been referred to you, follow the
steps of implementing a preprogram assessment procedure:
1. For a reliable baseline, define the problem in precise behavioral
terms
2. Select an appropriate baseline procedure that will enable you to
o a) monitor the problem behavior
o b) identify the current stimulus control of the problem behavior
o c) identify the maintaining consequences of the problem behavior
o d) monitor medical/health/personal variables
o e) identify an alternative desirable behavior
3. Design recording procedures that lets you log the amount of time
devoted to the project by professionals
4. Ensure the observers have received training in identifying the critical
aspects of the behavior, applying the recording procedures, and graphing
the data
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Document Summary

Deciding whether to design a program following a referral. The fact that a problem has been referred is not always a sufficient reason for proceeding with program design and implementation. If the problem was referred by others, determining whether the accomplishment of the goal will be for the benefit of the client is key. If accomplishment is for benefit of others, it should be at least neutral for the client. Consider how your training setting can be faded into the natural environment. Consider whether the natural environment has contingencies that will maintain the improved behavior. Consider weather you can influence people in the natural environment to help maintain the improved behavior. Makes little sense to design a program if people are going to reinforce undesirable behavior that you are trying to extinguish. If you have decided to treat a problem that has been referred to you, follow the steps of implementing a preprogram assessment procedure:

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