FRHD 3150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Playtime, Spaced

72 views3 pages
Chapter 12 Dierential Reinforcement
Procedures to Decrease Behaviour
Differential reinforcement: reinforcement contingent on a given response rate,
typically designged to lower the response rate
DRL: differential reinforcement of low rates- a reinforcer is only presented if a particular
response occurs at a low rate
can be programmed as limited responding DRL or spaced responding DRL
Limited responding DRL: maximum specified allowable number of response
during a certain time interval in order for a reinforcer to occur
oTommy can only speak out 3 times max during this 50 minute class to
receive free play time
Most useful when these conditions hold:
oSome of the behaviour is tolerable,
oLess is better
Spaced responding DRL: requires that a specified behaviour not occur during a
specified interval and after the interval has passed and instance of that behaviour
must then occur for a reinforcer to occur
instances must be spaced out over time
Useful when the reducing behaviour is desired when it does not occur at too high
a rate (want frequency to be lowered)
Ex: child who calls out right answer- do not want to stop them from answering,
want to teach them to let classmates have a chance too, so reinforce behaviour
only every 15 minutes and not inbetween
DRO: differential reinforcement of other responding or DR of zero responding
A reinforcer is presented only if a specified response does not occur during a
specified period of time
Ex: gerry scratches skin so severely he produces open sores and is often
hospitalized
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class