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Chapter 1

FRHD 3400 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Pastoral Counseling, Stress Management, Neuroplasticity

Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 3400
Carol Anne Hendry

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Chapter 1: Toward Intentional Interviewing, Counselling and Psychotherapy
Interviewing, Counselling, and Psychotherapy
o These three terms are used interchangeably
o Interviewing: the basic process used for gathering data, providing information and
advice to client,s and suggesting workable alternatives for resolving concerns.
Interviewers can be found in employment offices, schools, and hospitals.
These techniques are all used in professional offices, such as medicine,
government and law.
o Counseling: more intensive and more personal
More aout listeig to ad uderstadig a liet’s life halleges, ad
assisting in the development of strategies for change and growth
Most often associated with professional fields of counseling, human relations,
clinical and counseling psychology, pastoral counseling, and social work as well
as medical personnel and psychiatrists
o Psychotherapy: focuses on more deep-seated difficulties, which require more time for
o The concepts of intentional interviewing and counseling are equally effective for the
successful conduct of longer-term psychotherapy
o Most talking therapy is done by medical professionals other than psychiatrists, which
are limited.
Such as social workers, counselors, etc.
o Number of sessions:
Carlstedt 2011
% of liets did’t retur after the first isit
50% finished only four sessions
25% finished 5-10 sessions, and most had completed therapy by the 35th
All of this may suggest that that most got the help they needed in a few
sessios, or ae soe people did’t fid it helpful at all.
Psychiatry, which has the smallest number of professionals, also has the
greatest power to define the nature of the helping fields.
Their sessions take 2 hours or more, but some are short and focus on
The Science and Art of Counseling and Psychotherapy
o Counseling and psychotherapy have solid research and scientific base that enables us to
identify many qualities and skill that lead to effectiveness.
Science has demonstrated that the specifics of listening skills are identifiable
and are central to competent helping.
However, the evidence-based approach is not enough on its own.
We are artists as counselors, whose skills and knowledge produce
beautiful paintings out of colour, canvas and personal experience
The flexible counselor and client: Intentionality and Cultural Intentionality
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o Beginning students are often eager to find the right aser for the liet, so eager
that they often give short, patch-up advice which often inappropriate
Cultural factors may influence advice, but may not apply to your client
o Intentionality (as well as cultural), is acting with a sense of capability and deciding from
among a range of alternative actions
Intentionality, Resilience, and Self-Actualization
o Intentionality
We aot epet to sole all our liets’ issues, ut e a ake a differee.
Clients will benefit and become stronger as they feel heard and respected and
become intentionally flexible with new ways to resolve their concerns.
o Resilience and Intentionality
A longer-term goal of effective counseling and therapy is the development of
client resilience
The development of client intentionality is another way to talk about resilience
We need to be flexible and move with change, but so do our clients
Helping a client resolve an issue if our contribution to increasing client
o We have helped a client move from stuckness to action, or
indecision to decision
o Self-Actualization
Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow focused on this as a goal of counseling
Regardless of the client situation, we ultimately want the client to feel good
about themselves
We have to demonstrate empathy, where we understand the client, but do not
endorse actions which harm the client or others
The core skills of the helping process: The microskills hierarchy
o Microskills are the foundation of intentional counseling and psychotherapy.
Communication skill units of the counselor/client session that provide specific
alternatives for you to use with many types of clients and all theories of
counseling and therapy
When you are fully competent with them, you can listen effectively and help
clients change and grow
Effective use of microskills enables you to anticipate or predict how clients with
respond to interventions
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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