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Chapter 15

FRHD 3400 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Logotherapy, Practical Action


Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 3400
Professor
Carol Anne Hendry
Chapter
15

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Counselling Skills
Chapter 15
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THEORIES DISCUSSED IN EARLIER CHAPTERS
Decisional Counselling:
Philosophy:
o Find something practical and pragmatic something that works
Key Methods:
o 5 stage decisional structure, plus microskills
Sample Strategies:
o Feelings and emotion are given central attention
o Uses all the microskills
Person-Centered Counselling:
Philosophy:
o Clients are the experts in their own life history and need the
counsellor primarily as a facilitator
Key Methods:
o Attending behaviour
o Encouraging
o Paraphrasing
o Reflecting feelings
o Summarizing
Logotherapy:
Philosophy:
o Aims to help the person become one’s own best person through
discerning meaning and purpose (even in miserable circumstances)
Key Methods:
o Meaning and it’s relationship to counselling
o Questioning and reflecting meaning are the microskills
o Discernment is a meaning-oriented strategy
CRISIS COUNSELLING AND COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT)
Crisis Counselling:
Philosophy:
o Most pragmatic and action-oriented form of helping
o Concerned with action and useful, pragmatic results for the client
o Crisis is related to trauma
Immediate here-and-now crisis’s demand rapid practical
action i.e. flood, fire
Normal part of life crisis i.e. failing an exam, getting a divorce
o All crisis counselling involve 2 phases:
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