GEOG 1300 Chapter 1
Spatial refers to the nature and character of physical spaces, its measurement and the distribution of
things within it.
5 important spatial themes: location, region, human- earth relationships, movement and place.
Location: Absolute and relative location on Earth, answers the question where
Region: Areas having uniform characteristics.
Human-Earth Relationships: Human and the environment: resources exploitation, hazard
Place: tangible and intangible living and nonliving characteristics that make each place unique.
No two places are the same.
Movement: Communication, movement, circulation, migration and diffusion across Earth’s
System: any ordered interrelated set of things and their attributes linked by flows of energy and matter,
as distinct from the surrounding environment outside the system.
Open systems: Inputs of energy and matter flow into the system and flow from the system.
Closed system: A system that is shut off from the surrounding environment so that it is self-
An example is photosynthesis
Earth’s Four Spheres
3 abiotic spheres (Atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere), 1 biotic sphere (biosphere
Atmosphere- thin, gaseous veil surrounding Earth, held to the planet by the force of gravity.
Combination of N2, O2, Ar, CO2, H2O