GEOG 2510 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5 (Part 2): Ontario Northland Railway, Cartier Railway, Canadian Shield

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The quebec half of the core: 1867 to the present: canada"s core consists of southern quebec and southern ontario, by the time of confederation, 2 provinces were already integrated economically, dominated the rest of canada. Resource development and settlement patterns: staples theory as framework for quebec"s industrial heartland, furs, timber, and wheat, stimulated settlement, investment, and demand for consumer goods, staple were not equal in their linkages or economic spinoffs (ex. Montreal"s dominant role: maintaining dominance required investment in transportation, to allow large ships to travel up st. lawrence and into great lakes, new canals had to be built (lachine canal in 1825, welland canal 1829) and upgraded. Introduction of steam-powered vessels reduced sailing times and freight and insurance rates (availability of hydraulic power allowed for expansion of manufacturing in 1880s: greatest challenge came from the american investments in facilities like erie.

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