Textbook Notes (367,976)
Canada (161,540)
History (208)
HIST 1010 (54)
Chapter 11

HIST 1010 Ch. 11 Textbook Summary (pgs. 333-44) (F11)

3 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

HIST 1010 Chapter 11 Summary: Pgs. 333-444 Catholic Reform and Counter Reformation o Theatines – reform-minded leaders at the higher levels of church hierarchy o Capuchins – sought to return to the original ideals of Saint Francis o Somaschi – became active in the mid-1520s o Barnabites – founded in 1530; worked to repair the moral, spiritual, and physical damage done to people in war-torn Italy o Society of Jesus (Jesuits) – church recognized it in 1540 o Ignatius of Loyola (founder of Jesuits) – heroic figure; dashing courtier/soldiero in youth; serve the church as a soldier of Christ o Spiritual Exercises – taught that a person could shape their own behavior – even create a new religious self – through disciplined study/regular practice o Teach good Catholics to deny themselves and submit without question to higher church authority and spiritual direction o Pope Paul III – call a general council of the church to reassert church doctrine o Steps were taken to curtail the selling of church offices/other religious goods Social Significance of the Reformation in Western Europe o Reformers were so cautious that they changed late medieval society very little and actually encouraged acceptance of the sociopolitical status quo o Radical changes in traditional religious practices and institutions o Clergy and religious were everywhere; made up 6-8% of urban pop; exercised considerable political as well as spiritual power; they legislated and taxed, tried cases in special church courts, enforced laws with threats of excommunication o Church calendar regulated life; 1/3 of year = religious celebrations o Mass/liturgy read entirely in Latin o Several times during year, special preachers arrived in city to sell indulgence o People everywhere complained about clergy’s exemption from taxation and the civil criminal code o Church had too much influence over education/culture th o 16 century: number of clergy fell, religious holidays shrank; churches reduced in number; worship was conducted almost completely in vernacular; indulgence preachers no longer appeared o Luther’s translation of New Testament could be found in private homes o Clergy could marry, most did; paid taxes; were punished for their crimes in civil courts o Many Protestant reformers in Germany, France, England = humanists o Luther and Melanchthon restricted the University of Wittenberg’s curriculum; commentaries on Lombard’s Sentences were dropped, as was cannon law; straight forward historical study replaced old scholastic lectures on Aristotle; students read primary sources directly o John Calvin and Theodore Beza founded University of Geneva – created primarily to train Calvinist ministers, pursued ideals similar to those set forth by Luther and Melanchthon o Protestant reformers favored clerical marriage and opposed monasticism and the celibate life o Praised women in her own right; new laws gave them greater security and protection o Protestants stressed sacredness of home and family o Companionate marriage; sharing aut
More Less

Related notes for HIST 1010

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.