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HIST 1010 (54)
Chapter 10

HIST 1010 Ch. 10 (part 2) Textbook Summary (F11)

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HIST 1010
Peter Goddard

HIST 1010 Chapter 10 Summary, Pgs. 303-312 o Discovery of Americans expanded horizons of Europe geographically and intellectually – set new cultural and economic forces o Prince Henry – captured North African Muslim city of Ceuta – quest for gold/spices, “saving souls” (converting to Christianity) o Church expected exploration to lead to mass conversions o Portuguese concentrated their explorations on Indian Oceans, Spanish turned west, Christopher Columbus discovered Americas o Amerigo Vespucci (America named after him) and Ferdinand Magellan’s travels proved America’s were new lands o Explorers conquered and converted non-Christian peoples o Wealth extracted from its American possessions financed Spain’s commanding role in religious/political wars of 16 /17 centuries – also fueled Europe-wide economic expansion o Voyages of discovery were beginning of long history of conquest, disease and slave labor o Aztecs conquered by Hernan Cortes – becomes New Spain o Francisco Pizarro – conquered Incas o Whole civilizations with long histories and enormous social architectural,
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