Textbook Notes (369,133)
Canada (162,403)
History (208)
HIST 1010 (54)
Chapter 9

Textbook Notes - Chapter 9

7 Pages
66 Views

Department
History
Course Code
HIST 1010
Professor
Peter Goddard

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Description
History Chapter 9 The Late Middle Ages: Social and Political Breakdown (1300-1453) The Black Death *The effects of the Bubonic plague on population and society - preconditions: famine; subsistence economy - cause: fleas on rats carried by sea, discoloured the body; reached lungs - flagellants, tried cures like amulets, blamed poisonous fumes, Jews - The Hundred Years War and the Rise of National Sentiment *between England and France - from 1337 to 1453 - cause of war: English King Edward III asserting claim to French throne (grandson of Philip the fair of France); Edward was only 15 at the time; England and France emerging territories too close to each other; English possession of any French land threatened the royal policy of centralization. - French weakness: had 3x the population of England, was wealthier but lost often - Estates General (representative council of townspeople, clergy and nobles) to secure funds - Three major stages of development o Conflict during reign of Edward III Jacquerie (French peasant revolt in 1358) o French defeat and the Treaty of Troyes o Joan of Arc and the Wars Conclusion 1340: English victory at Bay of Sluys 1346: English victory at Crecy and seizeure of Calais 1347: Black Death 1356: English victory at Poitiers 1358: Jacquerie disrupts France 1360: Peace of Bretigny-Calais recognizes English holdings in France 1381: English Peasants revolt 1415: English victory at Agincourt 1420: Treaty of Troyes recognizes the English king as heir to the French throne 1422: Henry VI proclaimed king of both England and France 1429: Joan of Arc leads French to victory at Orleans 1431: Joan of Arc executed as a heretic 1453: War End; English retain only Calais Joan of Arc: (1412-1431), peasant from Eastern France, God told her deliver Orleans from the English; presented herself to Charles VII in March 1429; turned over to the Inquisition and executed as a heretic in 1431. declared a saint by the RC Church in 1920 Ecclesiastical Breakdown and Revival: The Late Medieval Church It may look like popes were in a favourable position in the latter thirteenth century. Frederick II had been vanquished and imperial pressure on Rome had been removed. - Frederick II Holy Roman Emperor - Born 26-dec-1194 and died 13-dec-1250 - One of the most powerful Holy Roman Emperors - Head of the House of Hohenstaufen- Enemies especially popes, dynasty collapsed after his death - Emperor for 30 years; King of the Romans 1212-1215 o King of Germany, Italy and Burgundy o Crowned king of Sicily at the age of 3, co-ruler with his mother constance o King of Jerusalem by virtue of marriage and his connection with the sixth crusade o Excommunicated 4 times; Pope George IX called him the Antichrist o Spoke 6 languages, patron of science and arts o After his death his line quickly died out and the House of Hohenstaufen came to an end - French King Louis IX o Enthusiastic supporter of the church (2 disastrous crusades), sainthood o Reunion of Eastern Church Council of Lyons in 1274 - Michael VII Palaeologus (ruled 1261-1282) request aid against Turks The Thirteen Century Papacy - Pope Innocent III (ruled 1198-1216), papal power reached its height o Elaborated doctrine of papal plentitude of power; disposed of benefices o Born 1160ish and died 16-jul-1216 o Birth name was Lotario dei Conti di Segni o Exerted a wide influence over the Christian regimes of Europe, claiming supremacy over all of Europes kings. o Central in supporting catholic churchs reforms of ecclesiastical affairs o Was able to compel princes to obey his decisions, although these measures were not uniformly successful o Called for crusades against militant heretics like the Cathars, as well as Muslims. o Most critical decision The Fourth Crusade, originally intended to support the Byzantine Empire at Cons
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit