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HIST 1150 (16)

Week 12: The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union

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HIST 1150
Brian Mc Dougall

The Rise and Fall of the Soviet UnionThe Soviet Union and Eastern EuropeWhen Stalin died in 1953 the people needed relief from the poverty and repression of Stalins last years By September 1953 Nikita Khrushchev had emerged as the new secretary of the Soviet Communist Party From 19531954 there were revolts in Siberian labor camps The new Soviet leadership responded to this quickly by released some 5 million prisoners from the Gulag labor camps by 1956 Khrushchev formulated 4 goalsITo normalize relations with the WestIITo build bridges with nonaligned nationsIIITo encourage party reformers in Eastern EuropeIVTo stop mass arrests purges and show trialsKhrushchev believed in MarxismLeninism but had to break Stalins legacy he made a secret speech at the Twentieth Party Congress denouncing Stalins errors and personality cult News of this spread in Eastern Europe the speech stimulated desires to follow Roads to Socialism This was a time for deStalinization The Khrushchev years became ones of frustration and disappointed hopesThe Soviet Uni
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