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Week 7: Decolonization

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University of Guelph
HIST 1150
Brian Mc Dougall

Week 7Decolonization and its after mathChapter 14 Continental overview the under developed wold par excellenceSince 1945 Subsaharan Africa has passed through three periods The years from 1945 to 1960 were the twilight of colonialism From 1960 to 1990 was the years of formal independence state dominated economic politicly and ongoing dependency Since 1990 the post cold war period led to the retreat of marxist movements South africas shift to majority rule and demand for democracy The optimist stated that if decolonization was Africas first revolution then Democratization would be the second revolution Much of the trouble stems from the demographic and environmental problems tht began to become apparent only after 1960 and from tardiness in realizing that economic development requires human developmentWangari maathai won the 2004 Nobel peace prize for her work in the greenbelt movement which she founded in 1977 to mobilize women to half deforestation through tree planting The greatest challenge facing Africa is to mobilize such energies ona large enough scale to achieve development and equity while also maintaining a viable relationship between human societies an their natural habitat The Spread of independenceThe Europeans took control of Africa at a time when they had to worlds strongest economies The costs of taking control were low at this time However by 1945 conditions had changed so much and wartime experience had so stimulated African nationalism that colonial rule ended even more suddenly that it had begun Decolonization worked its way thought the continent leaving over 50 independent countries most of them gaining independence in the 60s Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe explained the trouble as they had to become the parents of Nigeria not its children The decolonization of Africa began in 1956 when the Sudan won independence as a byproduct of the Egyptian revolution of 195
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