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HIST (200)
Chapter

Roman Empire and Germanic Peoples


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2200
Professor
Susannah Ferreira

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The Roman Empire and Germanic
Peoples
The Roman Empire
-took the learning of the ancient Greeks and transformed it into their own
version and then
transmitted it to us
- took the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, changed it into medicine, law
(foundation for French
Civil Code), literature of Greece (took them into ideas of Cicero and
citizenship terms), EMPIRE
- was dominating force until possibly 1806 when Napoleon invaded Italy
- developed Latin, language of learned peoples
- Success based on army, focused on citizen soldier – everyone should be
working to protect the
Empire
- led great expansion of Empire until 3rd BCE, encompassed the Italian
Peninsula
- 2nd Century, expansion into the African areas, Carthage
- 1st Century expanded into Greece and Asia Minor, by the end it had
expanded to cover the entire Mediterranean Area
Description 1st Century CE
West/East
- West was composed of areas with no previous high culture, everything
modern was transported and founded there by Rome, Latin Roman culture
was assumed by the peoples, unified language, government centres located
here
- East was areas older and pre-developed, more urbanized, much history,
wealthier and higher population, Greek was main language conveyed by art
and literature, many religions which were adopted and transported into the
West, commercial centres in this area
Pax Romana
- Roman Peace, period of no wars or piracy anywhere, roads allowed safe
travel
- Expanded Northern to Hadrien’s Wall along the Scottish border
Cultural Coherence
- Bureaucracy controlled everything, intense tolerance of every one and
every religion
- Common standard of living across the Empire
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