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HIST 2200 Chapter Notes -Romulus Augustulus, Bombyx Mori, Military Science


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 2200
Professor
Susannah Ferreira

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Byzantium
- Emperor Xeno took control in the East after the death of Romulus Augustus
- Entered into alliance with Theoderic and the
Ostrogoths
Justinian 527 – 565
Long rule allowed for accomplishments during his reign,
ambitious
- Hired good people and delegated tasks to these people
- Last emperor who spoke Latin as mother tongue
- Personal values promoted the Latin culture and wanted to reunite the
Latin and Greek influences in one unified Empire
- Married to Theodora (hated be everyone), called a prostitute, intelligent
and proud, co ruler from 527 to 548
- Knowledge of her comes from Procopius (500-562), author of Secret History
– stories from the Byzantine palace, tells us the intricate background
workings of the palace
(Re)Conquest of the West
- Reorganized the Byzantine State
- Belisarius (505-565) hired to lead the empire to re conquest the empire
- Sailed with 5000 troops and 3000 cavalry to the Italian Peninsula, victory in
the beginning but then soon the campaign descends into chaos with
Ostrogoth resistance due to change of leadership with the death of Theoderic
- 2 pronged attack on Italy in 536 from the north and Sicily, 536-543 victory
changed hands, Italians preferred the Goths over the Byzantines, ideas of
Imperial order in the Italian peninsula disappears with this war(Senate
disappears at this time)
- Opened way for the Lombard invasion
Codification of the Law
- Law before 4th century was considered the old law with it still being
developed before this time through government, courts, and commentators
- Codex Justinianus
Done in 528 with group of jurors set out to codify the law
Codification of the Roman Law
- Digest – 50 books on the law
- Institutes – final work, brief summary of Roman Law\
- Roman law has been used to support both authoritarian rulers and
democratic rulers
-11th century they spread to the West, immediately adopted by every state
and king to be used as guidelines for everything
Hagia Sophia(massive church)
- Mosaic depicts Justinian presenting the Church to the Virgin Mary and Jesus
- Constructed in 532-537
- Became mosque when Istanbul founded, becomes a secular museum later
on
- Eastern architectural styles in this building, vast complex domed structure
influenced by Syrian and Greek styles, beginning of Byzantine
style
- Justinian thought that his Church was even better than Solomon’s
Post Justinian
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