Textbook Notes (368,986)
Canada (162,320)
History (208)
HIST 2250 (12)
Chapter

Forests and Forestry in India.docx

2 Pages
105 Views
Unlock Document

Department
History
Course
HIST 2250
Professor
Mary Ann Cyphers- Reiche
Semester
Winter

Description
Forests & Forestry in India – p.209-224 The Riches of Indian Timber - Riches of provincial India shown at Punjab Exhibition of 1864 (Baden-Powell) – catalogue of forest products o Showed “tradable resources”, natural wealth of India th Mid 19 cent  British India’s factories e/workshops/railways dependent on deodar cedar, (teak most valuable) - Depletion of British woodlands backdrop to expanding use of Indian timber during this period, hastened shift to fossil fuels (espesh coal) - Britain had relied on New England & the Baltic imports but latter supplies cut off (1790 war blockages) - Growing conflicts in the world increased the need - Rebellion spur railway building b/c showed Brits dangers of isolation & poor communications o Critical for moving troops & therefore controlling territory - Rolling back forests to cultivate seen as way to extend control for East India Company - Railways main demand for domestic timber - Workable forests by river slopes: cut, push into river, formed into rafts, float to depots, branded to identify whos property, some ppl try to steal Cleghorn and Conservation - Forests under threat and conservation became a major Brit preoccupation in India - Cleghorn  Conservator of Forests for the Madras Presidency in 1855) – key figure in this devt o Control, regulation, authority, conserve, valuable, juxtaposed w carelessness of ppl o Concerned w production needs robbing state of its main source of “commercial prosperity” – need to establish forest administration o Founder of Indian forestry & conservation – control current forests, and develop more (even exotics) - Organize systematic forest conservancy in India - Forest dept created 1864 o Work our which forests were state property  Brits claimed land they considered unoccupied/unclaimed (by right of conquest) o Admin attempt to turn protected areas into reserved ones so could exercise more control - Cleghorn believed conservation imperative in tropics espesh b/c water supplies & food depended on healthy forestry o Curb burning and shifting cultivation Shifting Views of Shifting Cultivation (p.217) - Forests also contested social spaces to which diff ppl attached diff meanings - These opposing ideas clashed in the arguments that raged around kumri – an ancient form of cultiva
More Less

Related notes for HIST 2250

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit