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Human Resources and Organizational Behaviour
HROB 2100
Tom Medcof

HROB2100 Textbook NotesChapter 2 Perception Personality and EmotionsPerceptionPerception the process by which indivs organize and interpret their impressions to give meaning to their envoWhat we perceive can be substantially different from objective realityPpls behavior is based on their perception of what reality is not on reality itselfCan be hard to change ppls minds once they have particular perceptions when given contrary evidenceFactors Influencing PerceptionoA number of factors operate to shape and sometimes distort perception these factors can reside in the perceiver in the object or in the target being perceivedThe perceiver your interpretation heavily influenced by your personal characteristics ie attitudes personality motives interests past experiences expectationsThe target novelty motion sound size and other characteristics of a target shape the way we see it also the relationship of the target to its backgroundThe situation time at which we see an object or event location light heat or any number of situational factors can influence perceptionPerceptual ErrorsAttribution TheoryAttribution theory tries to explain the ways we judge ppl differently depending on the meaning we attribute to a given behaviorWhen we observe something that seems like atypical behavior we try to make sense of itdistinguish between whether the behavior is caused by internal or external factors whether the behaviour is under the persons control or whether the behavior is a result of outside situational causes
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